Edward Fitzalan-Howard, 18th Duke of Norfolk

British peer (born 1956)

His Grace
The Duke of Norfolk
18th Duke of Norfolk 1 Allan Warren.JPG
Portrait by Allan Warren in 2013
Earl Marshal
Assumed office
24 June 2002
MonarchElizabeth II
Charles III
Preceded byThe 17th Duke of Norfolk
Member of the House of Lords
Lord Temporal
Assumed office
12 March 2003
Hereditary Peerage
Preceded byThe 17th Duke of Norfolk
Personal details
Born (1956-12-02) 2 December 1956 (age 65)
NationalityBritish
Spouse
(m. 1987; div. 2022)
Children
Parents
EducationAmpleforth College
Alma materLincoln College, Oxford
TitleDuke of Norfolk
Tenure 24 June 2002 – present
PredecessorMiles Fitzalan-Howard, 17th Duke of Norfolk
HeirHenry Fitzalan-Howard, Earl of Arundel

Edward William Fitzalan-Howard, 18th Duke of Norfolk, GCVO, DL (born 2 December 1956), styled Earl of Arundel between 1975 and 2002, is a British peer who holds the hereditary office of Earl Marshal. As Duke of Norfolk, he is the most senior peer in the peerage of England.[1] He is also a member of the House of Howard.

Background and education

Norfolk is the son of Miles Francis Stapleton Fitzalan-Howard, 17th Duke of Norfolk, and his wife Anne Mary Teresa Constable-Maxwell.[2] He was educated at Ampleforth College, a Roman Catholic independent school,[2] and then attended Lincoln College, Oxford.[1][2]

He has a brother, Lord Gerald Fitzalan-Howard, and three sisters, including the actress Marsha Fitzalan.

Career

Norfolk worked with various companies, and from 2000 to 2002 was Deputy Earl Marshal. Upon the death of his father in 2002, he inherited the late Duke of Norfolk's peerages and the position of Earl Marshal.[3] He was a Cub Scout whilst at school at Ampleforth College and currently holds two appointments in the Scout Movement. He was until 2010 the President of 1st Arundel (Earl of Arundel's Own) Scout Group, and is still the president of the Arundel & Littlehampton District Scouts. He is also patron of West Sussex County Scouts. In June 2003 he was awarded the Medal of Merit for Services to the Scout Movement. He is an Honorary Fellow of St Edmund's College, Cambridge.[4]

Norfolk was appointed Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order (GCVO) in the 2022 Birthday Honours.[5]

As hereditary Earl Marshal he had responsibility for arranging the 19 September 2022 state funeral of Queen Elizabeth II and the accession and coronation of King Charles III.[1]

Personal life

The Duke lives at Arundel Castle.[6]

Family

The 18th Duke, outside Carlton Towers, by Allan Warren

He is a Roman Catholic. The Duke, then Earl of Arundel, married Georgina Susan Gore on 27 June 1987 at Arundel Cathedral.[2] Together, they have three sons and two daughters:

  • Henry Miles Fitzalan-Howard, Earl of Arundel (3 December 1987) who married Cecilia Mary Elizabeth dei Conti (of the Counts) Colacicchi, Nobile di Anagni on 16 July 2016. They have two daughters.
  • Lady Rachel Fitzalan-Howard (10 June 1989)
  • Lord Thomas Fitzalan-Howard (14 March 1992)
  • Lady Isabel Fitzalan-Howard (7 February 1994)
  • Lord Philip Fitzalan-Howard (14 July 1996)

The Duke and Duchess separated in 2011, but were reconciled by 2016, only to split up again; their divorce became final in 2022.[1]

Family tree

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  • e
Earls of Norfolk and Dukes of Norfolk
EARL OF EAST ANGLIA
(Earls of Norfolk and Suffolk)
(1st creation), before 1069
Ralph the Staller
1st Earl of Norfolk and Suffolk, or of the East Angles
(c. 1011–1068)
Ralph de Gael
2nd Earl of Norfolk and Suffolk, or of the East Angles
(c. 1040 – c. 1096)
Earldom forfeit, 1074
EARL OF NORFOLK
(2nd creation), 1141
Hugh Bigod
1st Earl of Norfolk
(1095–1177)
Roger Bigod
2nd Earl of Norfolk
(c. 1144/1150–1221)
Hugh Bigod
3rd Earl of Norfolk
(1186–1225)
Roger Bigod
4th Earl of Norfolk
(c. 1209–1270)
Hugh Bigod
(c. 1211–1266)
King Edward I
1239–1307
Roger Bigod
5th Earl of Norfolk
(c. 1245–1306)
Earldom extict, 1270
EARL OF NORFOLK
(3rd creation), 1312
Thomas of Brotherton
1st Earl of Norfolk
(1300–1338)
Margaret of Brotherton
2nd Countess of Norfolk
Duchess of Norfolk "for life"
(1320–1399)
John Segrave
4th Baron Segrave
(1315–1353)
Elizabeth de Segrave
5th Baroness Segrave
(1338–1368)
John de Mowbray
4th Baron Mowbray
(1340–1368)
Earl of Nottingham
(1st creation), 1377
DUKE OF NORFOLK
(1st creation), 1397
John de Mowbray
1st Earl of Nottingham
(1365–1383)
Thomas de Mowbray
3rd Earl of Norfolk
1st Duke of Norfolk
(c. 1368–1399)
Dukedom forfeit, 1399
DUKE OF NORFOLK
(1st creation restored), 1425
Sir Robert Howard
(1385–1436)
Lady Margaret de Mowbray
(c. 1388–1459)
Thomas de Mowbray
4th Earl of Norfolk
(1385–1405)
John de Mowbray
5th Earl of Norfolk
2nd Duke of Norfolk
(1392–1432)
DUKE OF NORFOLK
(4th creation), 1483
John Howard
1st Duke of Norfolk
(1425–1485)
John de Mowbray
6th Earl of Norfolk
3rd Duke of Norfolk
(1415–1461)
Titles forfeit, 1485
DUKE OF NORFOLK
(4th creation restored), 1514
Thomas Howard
2nd Duke of Norfolk
(1443–1524)
King Edward IV
1442–1483
John de Mowbray
7th Earl of Norfolk
4th Duke of Norfolk
(1444–1476)
Dukedom extinct, 1476
DUKE OF NORFOLK
(3rd creation), 1477
Thomas Howard
3rd Duke of Norfolk
(1473–1554)
Anne of York
(1475–1511)
Richard of Shrewsbury
Duke of York
Duke of Norfolk
(1473–1483)
Anne de Mowbray
8th Countess of Norfolk
(1472–1481)
Attainted, 1547
Restored, 1553
Dukedom extinct, 1483
Henry Howard
Earl of Surrey
(1517–1547)
Thomas Howard
1st Viscount Howard of Bindon
(c. 1520–1582)
Mary FitzRoy
Duchess of Richmond and Somerset
(1519–1557)
Henry FitzRoy
Duke of Richmond and Somerset
(1519–1536)
Thomas Howard
4th Duke of Norfolk
(1536–1572)
Henry Howard
1st Earl of Northampton
(1540–1614)
Titles forfeit, 1572
Earl of Suffolk
St. Philip Howard
Earl of Arundel
(1557–1595)
Attainted 1589
Thomas Howard
1st Earl of Suffolk
(1561–1626)
Lord William Howard
(1563–1640)
EARL OF NORFOLK
(5th creation), 1644
Thomas Howard
Earl of Arundel
1st Earl of Norfolk
(1585–1646)
Henry Frederick Howard
Earl of Arundel
2nd Earl of Norfolk
(1608–1652)
DUKE OF NORFOLK
(4th creation restored), 1660
Thomas Howard
5th Duke of Norfolk
(1627–1677)
Henry Howard
Earl of Norwich
6th Duke of Norfolk
(1628–1684)
Hon. Charles Howard
(1630–1713)
Col. Bernard Howard
(1641–1717)
Henry Howard
Earl of Norwich
7th Duke of Norfolk
(1655–1701)
Lord Thomas Howard
(1662–1689)
Henry Charles Howard
(d. 1720)
Bernard Howard
(1674–1735)
Thomas Howard
Earl of Norwich
8th Duke of Norfolk
(1683–1732)
Edward Howard
Earl of Norwich
9th Duke of Norfolk
(1685–1777)
Charles Howard
10th Duke of Norfolk
(1720–1786)
Henry Howard
(1713–1787)
Earldom of Norwich extinct, 1777
Charles Howard
11th Duke of Norfolk
(1746–1815)
Bernard Howard
12th Duke of Norfolk
(1765–1842)
Henry Howard
13th Duke of Norfolk
(1791–1856)
Baron Howard of Glossop
Henry Fitzalan-Howard
14th Duke of Norfolk
(1815–1860)
Edward Fitzalan-Howard
1st Baron Howard of Glossop
(1818–1883)
Henry Fitzalan-Howard
15th Duke of Norfolk
(1847–1917)
Francis Fitzalan-Howard
2nd Baron Howard of Glossop
(1859–1924)
Bernard Fitzalan-Howard
16th Duke of Norfolk
(1908–1975)
Bernard Fitzalan-Howard
3rd Baron Howard of Glossop
(1885–1972)
Miles Fitzalan-Howard
17th Duke of Norfolk
(1915–2002)
Edward Fitzalan-Howard
18th Duke of Norfolk
(b. 1956)
Henry Fitzalan-Howard
Earl of Arundel
Earl of Surrey
(b. 1987)

Peerages

In 2002, he inherited the Dukedom of Norfolk, as well as a number of earldoms, baronies, hereditary offices, and titles attached to the Dukedom, from his father. His office of Earl Marshal, one of the Great Officers of State, makes him responsible for State occasions, such as coronations[7][8] and the State Opening of Parliament.[1] He is also, by virtue of this office, one of the hereditary judges of the Court of Chivalry and head of the College of Arms, responsible for heraldry in England and Wales as well as other parts of the Commonwealth of Nations.

List of peerages

List of hereditary offices

Heraldic achievement (coat of arms)

Coat of arms of Edward Fitzalan-Howard, 18th Duke of Norfolk
Coat of Arms of the Duke of Norfolk, the Earl Marshal.svg
Adopted
1660 (by the 5th Duke of Norfolk)
Coronet
A Coronet of a Duke
Crest
1st: Issuant from a Ducal Coronet Or a pair of Wings Gules each charged with a Bend between six Cross-crosslets fitchy Argent (Howard);
2nd: On a Chapeau Gules turned up Ermine a Lion statant gardant with tail extended Or gorged with a Ducal Coronet Argent (Thomas of Brotherton);
3rd: On a Mount Vert a Horse passant Argent holding in the mouth a Slip of Oak Vert fructed proper (Fitzalan).
Escutcheon
Quarterly, 1st: Gules on a Bend between six Cross-crosslets fitchy Argent an Escutcheon Or charged with a Demi-lion rampant pierced through the mouth by an arrow within a Double Tressure flory counterflory of the first (Howard); 2nd: Gules three Lions passant gardant in pale Or, Armed and Langued Azure, in chief a Label of three points Argent (Plantagenet of Norfolk); 3rd: Checky Or and Azure (Warenne); 4th: Gules a Lion rampant Or, Armed and Langued Azure (Fitzalan).
Supporters
Dexter a Lion, sinister a Horse both Argent the latter holding in the mouth a Slip of Oak Vert fructed proper.
Motto
Sola Virtus Invicta (Latin for "Virtue alone is unconquered").
Orders
Circlet of the Royal Victorian Order (appointed Knight Grand Cross in 2022).
Often, the coat of arms of the Duke of Norfolk appears with the Garter circlet of the Order of the Garter surrounding the shield, as seen in the arms of the 17th Duke of Norfolk. However, this is not hereditary. The 18th Duke of Norfolk, as of 2022, had not been appointed to the Order of the Garter.
Other elements
Placed behind the shield are two gold batons in saltire enamelled at the ends in black, which represent the Duke of Norfolk's office as Earl Marshal and Hereditary Marshal of England.
Symbolism
The shield on the bend in the first quarter of the arms was granted as an augmentation of honour by Henry VIII to the 2nd Duke of Norfolk, to commemorate his victory at the Battle of Flodden. It is a modification of the Royal coat of arms of Scotland. Instead of its normal rampant position, the lion is shown cut in half with an arrow through its mouth, commemorating the death of King James IV at the battle.[9]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e Davies, Caroline (10 September 2022). "Earl marshal: the duke coordinating the Queen's funeral and King's coronation". The Guardian. Retrieved 10 September 2022.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Dod's Parliamentary Companion. Vacher Dod Publishing, Limited. 2004. p. 666. Retrieved 4 March 2011.
  3. ^ Gordon Casely (27 June 2002). "Obituary: The Duke of Norfolk". The Herald. Retrieved 5 March 2011.
  4. ^ "St Edmund's College - University of Cambridge". www.st-edmunds.cam.ac.uk. Retrieved 10 September 2018.
  5. ^ "No. 63714". The London Gazette (Supplement). 1 June 2022. p. B4.
  6. ^ Walsh, David (10 January 2022). "Duke of Norfolk agrees to repair 'unridable' cycle path across his land in Chapeltown, Sheffield". The Star. Sheffield. Retrieved 26 August 2022.
  7. ^ "Prince Charles coronation planned in Britain". Reality TV World. United Press International. 26 December 2004. Retrieved 5 March 2011.
  8. ^ Morgan, Christopher; Hellen, Nicholas (26 December 2004). "Charles plans his modern coronation". The Sunday Times.
  9. ^ Brooke-Little, J.P., FSA (1978) [1950]. Boutell's Heraldry (Revised ed.). London: Frederick Warne LTD. p. 125. ISBN 0-7232-2096-4.

External links

  • Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by the Duke of Norfolk
  • Edward Fitzalan-Howard, 18th Duke of Norfolk
Political offices
Preceded by Earl Marshal
2002–present
Incumbent
Peerage of England
Preceded by Duke of Norfolk
2002–present
Incumbent
Order of precedence in England and Wales
Preceded byas Lord Great Chamberlain Gentlemen
Earl Marshal
Succeeded byas Lord Steward
Order of precedence in Scotland
Preceded by
The Duke of Argyll
as Master of the Household
in Scotland
Gentlemen
Duke of Norfolk
Succeeded by
Order of precedence in Northern Ireland
Preceded byas Lord Great Chamberlain Gentlemen
Earl Marshal
Succeeded by
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Shared (royal family)
England and Wales
Scotland
Northern Ireland
not including short-term appointments, visiting dignitaries and most peers
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Current title holders, listed by date of creation, from earliest to most recent
Royal dukes
Coronet of a British Duke.svg
England Kingdom of England
Scotland Kingdom of Scotland
Great Britain Kingdom of Great Britain
Ireland Kingdom of Ireland
United Kingdom United Kingdom
Italics indicate the duke also holds a previously listed dukedom of greater precedence
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Dukes of Norfolk (family tree)
House of Plantagenet (1397–1399)
  • Margaret (1397–1399) granddaughter of King Edward I
Mowbray (1397–1481)
House of Plantagenet (1481–1483)
Howard family
(1483–1572, 1660–present)
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