Fu Zhenghua

Chinese politician
傅政华
Minister of JusticeIn office
19 March 2018 – 29 April 2020PremierLi KeqiangPreceded byZhang JunSucceeded byTang YijunExecutive Deputy Minister of Public SecurityIn office
August 2013 – March 2018PremierLi KeqiangMinisterGuo ShengkunPreceded byYang HuanningSucceeded byWang XiaohongDirector of Beijing Municipal Public Security BureauIn office
February 2010 – August 2013MayorGuo Jinlong
Wang AnshunPreceded byMa ZhenchuanSucceeded byWang Xiaohong Personal detailsBorn (1955-03-13) 13 March 1955 (age 67)
Luan County, Hebei, ChinaPolitical partyChinese Communist Party (1973–2022; expelled)Alma materPeking UniversityChinese nameSimplified Chinese傅政华Traditional Chinese傅政華
Transcriptions
Standard Mandarin
Hanyu PinyinFù Zhènghuá

Fu Zhenghua (Chinese: 傅政华; born 13 March 1955) is a former Chinese politician and public security officer. In March 2013, Fu was appointed as the Deputy Minister of Public Security (minister-level) and Deputy Communist Party Secretary of the Ministry of Public Security. Since 2015, Fu has served concurrently as the head of the 610 Office.[1] He was also appointed as the Minister of Justice in 2018. Fu was known to be a close ally of Sun Lijun, he has come under investigation in October 2021 and was expelled from the Chinese Communist Party and removed from public office in March 2022.[2] He was subsequently arrested, tried, and given a suspended death sentence.

Early life and education

Fu was born in Luan County, Hebei in March 1955, he graduated from Peking University.

Career

Fu became involved in politics in December 1970, and he joined the Chinese Communist Party in September 1973.

He had a career in the Beijing police (Beijing Municipal Public Security Bureau) as an investigator. He took part in solving a number of high profile cases, including the "1996 Beijing Cash Truck Robbery case", the "1997 Baibaoshan case", the "attack on Mentougou police" case, and the "Huang Guangyu case".[3]

In January 2010, he was promoted to become secretary of Beijing Municipal Public Security Bureau, a position he held until 2013.

In February 2010, he was appointed director of Beijing Municipal Public Security Bureau, essentially the chief of police of the Chinese capital;[4] he remained in that position until August 2013, when he was appointed the deputy minister of Public Security.[4][5]

In May 2010, Fu closed down the Tianshang Renjian Night Club (Chinese: 天上人间夜总会); his action was well received.[6]

In the second half of 2013, Fu launched the 2013 Special Campaign Against Network Illegal Crimes of the People's Republic of China (Chinese: 2013年中华人民共和国集中打击整治网络违法犯罪专项行动), he arrested Charles Xue, Qin Huohuo and Fu Xuesheng (Chinese: 付学胜).[7]

In February 2014, Chinese media reported that Fu launched the Anti-Vice Operation of the People's Republic of China (Chinese: 2014中华人民共和国扫黄行动).[8] Since December 2014, Fu has been a member of the Central Political and Legal Affairs Commission. In September 2015, it was revealed during Yu Zhengsheng's trip to Xinjiang that Fu was named the head of the 610 Office, founded to oversee the suppression of Falun Gong.[9]

In March 2018, Fu was appointed as the minister of Justice, and held the position for two years.[10]

On May 19, 2020, he became a member of the Social and Legal Affairs Committee of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference.

Downfall

The Central Commission for Discipline Inspection announced on October 2, 2021 that it was investigating him for "serious violations of discipline and national laws".[11][12] On October 27, he was dismissed from public office and was removed from membership of China's top political advisory body, the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference.[13]

On March 31, 2022, he was expelled from the Chinese Communist Party and dismissed from public office.[14] On April 21, he was arrested by the Supreme People's Procuratorate.[15] On July 28, he stood trial at the Intermediate People's Court of Changchun on charges of bribe-taking and bending the law for personal gain.[16][17][18] Prosecutors accused Fu of taking advantage of his official authority or position to seek gains for others regarding business operations, official positions and legal cases, in return for which he illegally accepted money and gifts worth 117 million yuan (about 17.36 million U.S. dollars) either by himself or through some of his close relatives.[16][17][18] On September 22, he was handed a suspended death sentence that will be commuted to life imprisonment after two years, with no possibility of parole, for taking bribes worth more than 117 million yuan (16.76 million U.S. dollars) and bending the law for personal gains.[19][20][21][22] He was deprived of political rights for life and all his properties were also confiscated.[19][20][21][22]

References

  1. ^ 傅政华兼任公安部副部长 曾端掉"天上人间". 163.com (in Chinese). 2013-08-20. Archived from the original on 2017-08-16. Retrieved 2014-02-18.
  2. ^ Phoebe, Zhang (1 April 2022). "Former Chinese justice minister expelled from Communist Party, accused of corruption". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 1 April 2022.
  3. ^ 中国前司法部长傅政华“落马” 屡破大案的“老公安”曾端掉“天上人间”. BBC (in Chinese). 3 October 2021. Retrieved 5 October 2021.
  4. ^ a b Jesse, Turland (6 October 2021). "China's Top Disciplinary Body Moves Against Ex-Security Officials Fu Zhenghua, Sun Lijun". The Diplomat. Retrieved 29 October 2021.
  5. ^ 傅政华简历. Beijing.gov.cn (in Chinese). 2013-09-02. Archived from the original on 2013-09-06.
  6. ^ 傅政华兼任公安部副部长 上任74天端掉"天上人间". Xinhua (in Chinese). 2013-09-02. Archived from the original on August 23, 2013.
  7. ^ 媒体披露傅政华其人其事:超前干实事 不做救火队. Ifeng (in Chinese). 2013-09-02. Archived from the original on 2019-06-02. Retrieved 2014-02-18.
  8. ^ 消息称公安部副部长傅政华领军全国大扫黄. 163.com (in Chinese). 2014.
  9. ^ 公安部副部长傅政华已担任中央610办公室主任. ifeng (in Chinese). September 26, 2015.
  10. ^ "国务院副总理、国务委员、各部部长完整名单". Xinhua. 2018-03-19. Retrieved 2018-03-19.
  11. ^ Lun Tian, Yew (2 October 2021). Mallard, William (ed.). "China anti-graft watchdog probes former justice minister". Reuters. Retrieved 2 October 2021.
  12. ^ Josephine Ma (2 October 2021). "China's ex-justice minister held for probe into 'serious violations' of Communist Party discipline". Retrieved 2 October 2021.
  13. ^ Meng Yaxu (孟亚旭); Liu Yilong (刘艺龙) (27 October 2021). 《新闻联播》披露:傅政华被免去职务、撤销资格. qq.com (in Chinese). Retrieved 28 October 2021.
  14. ^ "Former Chinese official Fu Zhenghua expelled from Party, public office". xinhuanet.com. 31 March 2022. Retrieved 1 April 2022.
  15. ^ Li Gaosi (李高思) (21 April 2022). 最高检依法对傅政华决定逮捕. china.com.cn (in Chinese). Retrieved 21 April 2022.
  16. ^ a b "China's former senior official Fu Zhenghua stands trial". xinhuanet.com. 28 July 2022. Retrieved 29 July 2022.
  17. ^ a b Xinlu, Liang (28 July 2022). "Former Chinese police boss Fu Zhenghua admits corruption". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 29 July 2022.
  18. ^ a b "Former Chinese justice minister admits taking millions in bribes-court". reuters.com. 28 July 2022. Retrieved 29 July 2022.
  19. ^ a b "China's former senior official Fu Zhenghua sentenced to death with reprieve". xinhuanet.com. 22 September 2022. Retrieved 22 September 2022.
  20. ^ a b "China's ex-justice minister faces life in jail amid purge of security officials". reuters.com. 22 September 2022. Retrieved 22 September 2022.
  21. ^ a b Frances, Mao (22 September 2022). "Fu Zhenghua: China's ex-justice minister jailed for corruption". BBC. Retrieved 22 September 2022.
  22. ^ a b William, Zheng (22 September 2022). "Former Chinese justice minister Fu Zhenghua jailed for life for corruption". South China Moring Post. Retrieved 22 September 2022.
Government offices
Preceded by
Ma Zhenchuan [zh]
Director of Beijing Municipal Public Security Bureau
2010-2013
Succeeded by
Wang Xiaohong
Preceded by Executive Deputy Minister of Public Security
2013-2018
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Zhang Jun
Minister of Justice
2018-2020
Succeeded by
  • v
  • t
  • e
Campaign oversightImplicated people
(full list)
Central Committee members
Central Committee alternate members
Central organs and
State-owned enterprises
Officials of
Provincial-ministerial rank1
(incl. sub-provincial)
Military generals2
Officials at
Prefecture-level rank1
or below
Business and media
Related articles
PB Former member of the Politburo; PLA Also a military official; CDI Member of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection or affiliates
1For details on the civil service ranks of officials, please see Civil Service of the People's Republic of China;
2Army generals listed have attained at least the rank of Major General, which usually enjoys the same administrative privileges as a civilian official of sub-provincial rank.
  • v
  • t
  • e
  1. Shi Liang; abolished 1959–79
  2. Wei Wenbo
  3. Liu Fuzhi
  4. Zou Yu
  5. Cai Cheng
  6. Xiao Yang
  7. Gao Changli
  8. Zhang Fusen
  9. Wu Aiying
  10. Zhang Jun
  11. Fu Zhenghua
  12. Tang Yijun
  • v
  • t
  • e
Li Keqiang Cabinet II (2018–2023)
Premier
Li Keqiang (cropped).jpg
Premier Li Keqiang

Han Zheng (2018-09-18) 01.jpg
1st Vice-Premier Han Zheng
Vice-Premiers
  1. Han ZhengPSC
  2. Sun ChunlanP
  3. Hu ChunhuaP
  4. Liu HeP
State Councilors
  1. Wei Fenghe
  2. Wang Yong
  3. Wang Yi
  4. Xiao Jie
  5. Zhao Kezhi
Secretary-General
Ministers
01 Foreign Affairs
Wang Yi
02 National Defense
03 Development & Reform Commission
04 Education
05 Science & Technology
06 Industry & Information Technology
07 Ethnic Affairs Commission
08 Public Security
09 State Security
10 Civil Affairs
11 Justice
Fu Zhenghua → Tang Yijun
12 Finance
13 Human Resources & Social Security
14 Natural Resources
Lu Hao → Wang Guanghua
15 Ecology & Environment
16 Housing & Urban-Rural Development
Wang Menghui → Ni Hong
17 Transport
Li Xiaopeng
18 Water Resources
19 Agriculture & Rural Affairs
20 Commerce
21 Culture & Tourism
22 Health Commission
23 Veterans Affairs
24 Emergency Management
Wang Yupu† → vacant → Huang Ming → Wang Xiangxi
Central Bank Governor
Auditor-General
Hu Zejun♀ → Hou Kai