Liz Truss

Prime Minister of the United Kingdom since 2022

Ministerial offices 2012–⁠2022
Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs
In office
15 September 2021 – 6 September 2022
Prime MinisterBoris Johnson
Preceded byDominic Raab
Succeeded byJames Cleverly
Minister for Women and Equalities
In office
10 September 2019 – 6 September 2022
Prime MinisterBoris Johnson
Preceded byAmber Rudd
Succeeded byNadhim Zahawi (Equalities)
In office
24 July 2019 – 15 September 2021
Prime MinisterBoris Johnson
Preceded byLiam Fox
Succeeded byAnne-Marie Trevelyan
Chief Secretary to the Treasury
In office
11 June 2017 – 24 July 2019
Prime MinisterTheresa May
Preceded byDavid Gauke
Succeeded byRishi Sunak
In office
14 July 2016 – 11 June 2017
Prime MinisterTheresa May
Preceded byMichael Gove
Succeeded byDavid Lidington
Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs
In office
15 July 2014 – 14 July 2016
Prime MinisterDavid Cameron
Preceded byOwen Paterson
Succeeded byAndrea Leadsom
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Childcare and Education
In office
4 September 2012 – 15 July 2014
Prime MinisterDavid Cameron
Preceded bySarah Teather
Succeeded bySam Gyimah
Member of Parliament
for South West NorfolkAssumed office
6 May 2010Preceded byChristopher FraserMajority35,507 (69.0%) Personal detailsBorn
Mary Elizabeth Truss

(1975-07-26) 26 July 1975 (age 47)
Oxford, EnglandPolitical partyConservative (since 1996)Other political
affiliationsLiberal Democrats (before 1996)Spouse
(m. 2000)
Children2Parent
ResidencesEducationMerton College, Oxford (B.A.)SignatureWebsitewww.elizabethtruss.com Edit this at Wikidata
Liz Truss official portrait (cropped)2.jpg
This article is part of
a series about
Liz Truss
  • MP for South West Norfolk

Foreign Secretary

Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

Ministry and term

Bibliography

  • v
  • t
  • e

Mary Elizabeth Truss (born 26 July 1975)[1][2] is a British politician who is the current prime minister of the United Kingdom and leader of the Conservative Party. First elected to parliament in 2010, she held various Cabinet offices under prime ministers David Cameron, Theresa May and Boris Johnson, most recently as foreign secretary from 2021 to 2022. She won the 2022 Conservative Party leadership election following Johnson's resignation amid a government crisis, becoming the prime minister and forming the Truss ministry.

Truss attended Merton College, Oxford and was the president of Oxford University Liberal Democrats.[3] In 1996, she joined the Conservative Party.[4] She worked at Shell and Cable & Wireless, and was deputy director of the think tank Reform. After two unsuccessful attempts to be elected to the House of Commons, she was elected as the MP for South West Norfolk at the 2010 general election.[5] As a backbencher, she called for reform in several policy areas including childcare, mathematics education and the economy. She founded the Free Enterprise Group of Conservative MPs and wrote or co-wrote a number of papers and books, including After the Coalition (2011) and Britannia Unchained (2012).

Truss served as parliamentary under-secretary of state for childcare and education from 2012 to 2014, before Cameron appointed her secretary of state for the environment, food and rural affairs in the 2014 cabinet reshuffle. Although she supported the Britain Stronger in Europe campaign for the United Kingdom to remain in the European Union, she supported Brexit after the 2016 referendum result. After Cameron resigned in July 2016, May appointed Truss secretary of state for justice and lord chancellor, making her the first female lord chancellor in the office's thousand-year history. Following the 2017 general election, Truss was appointed chief secretary to the Treasury.

Following May's resignation in 2019, Truss supported Johnson's successful bid to become Conservative leader and prime minister, after which he appointed Truss as secretary of state for international trade and president of the Board of Trade. She took on the additional role of minister for women and equalities in September 2019. Promoted to foreign secretary by Johnson in the 2021 cabinet reshuffle, she was appointed the government's chief negotiator with the European Union and the United Kingdom's chair of the EU–UK Partnership Council in December 2021, and was involved in the UK's response to the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine. She became prime minister amid an ongoing cost of living crisis and an energy supply crisis, in response to which she implemented an Energy Price Guarantee limiting energy prices for households, businesses and public sector organisations.

Early life

Mary Elizabeth Truss[6] was born on 26 July 1975 in Oxford, England, to John Truss and Priscilla Truss (née Grasby).[7][8][9] She has three younger brothers, Chris, Patrick and Francis.[10] From an early age, she has been known by her middle name.[11] Her father is an emeritus professor of pure mathematics at the University of Leeds, while her mother was a nurse and teacher.[12][13] Truss has described her parents as being "to the left of Labour"; her mother was a member of the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament.[13][14] When Truss later stood for election to Parliament as a Conservative, her mother agreed to campaign for her, while her father declined to do so.[14][15] Truss's parents divorced in 2003; at the 2004 Leeds City Council election, her mother unsuccessfully stood for election as a Liberal Democrat.[7][16]

The family moved to Paisley, Renfrewshire, in Scotland when she was four years old, living there from 1979 to 1985,[17] with Truss attending West Primary School.[9][14] She then attended Roundhay School, a comprehensive school in the Roundhay area of Leeds,[18] which she later said had "let down" children,[19] a claim disputed by others.[18] Aged 12, she spent a year in Burnaby, British Columbia, where she attended Parkcrest Elementary School while her father taught at Simon Fraser University.[20] Truss has praised the coherent curriculum and the Canadian attitude that it was "really good to be top of the class", which she contrasts to her education at Roundhay School.[14] Truss was remembered by adolescent classmates as a studious girl with "geeky" friends. She reportedly had an interest in social issues such as homelessness.[7] She read Philosophy, Politics and Economics at Merton College, Oxford, graduating in 1996.[21]

Truss was active in the Liberal Democrats. She was president of Oxford University Liberal Democrats and a member of the national executive committee of Liberal Democrat Youth and Students (LDYS). During her time as a Liberal Democrat, Truss supported the legalisation of cannabis and the abolition of the monarchy,[22][23] and campaigned against the Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994.[24][25]

Truss joined the Conservative Party in 1996.[26][27][28]

Professional career

From 1996 to 2000, Truss worked for Shell, during which time she qualified as a Chartered Management Accountant (ACMA) in 1999. In 2000, Truss was employed by Cable & Wireless and rose to economic director before leaving in 2005.[29]

After losing her first two elections, Truss became the full-time deputy director of Reform in January 2008,[30] where she advocated more rigorous academic standards in schools, a greater focus on tackling serious and organised crime, and urgent action to deal with Britain's falling competitiveness.[30] She co-authored The Value of Mathematics,[31] Fit for Purpose,[32] A New Level,[33] and Back To Black: Budget 2009 Paper,[34][35] among other reports.

Political career

Truss served as the chair of the Lewisham Deptford Conservative Association from 1998 to 2000.[26] Truss unsuccessfully contested the Greenwich London Borough Council elections in 1998 (for Vanbrugh ward) and 2002 (in Blackheath Westcombe).[36][37] On 4 May 2006, she was elected as a councillor for Eltham South in the 2006 Greenwich London Borough Council election.[38] Truss did not seek re-election to the council on 6 May 2010, with the 2010 general election being announced on 6 April 2010, the Dissolution of Parliament on 12 April 2010 and the last day to file MP nomination papers 20 April 2010.[38][39]

Parliamentary candidatures

At the 2001 general election, Truss stood for the constituency of Hemsworth in West Yorkshire, a safe seat for the Labour Party. She came a distant second, but increased the Conservative vote by 3.2%.[40][41] Prior to the 2005 general election, the parliamentary candidate for Calder Valley, Sue Catling, was pressured to resign by the local Conservative Association,[42] whereupon Truss was selected to fight the seat, which is also in West Yorkshire. Truss narrowly lost the election to the Labour Party incumbent.

Under David Cameron as Conservative leader, Truss was added to the party's "A List".[41] In October 2009, she was selected for the South West Norfolk seat by members of the constituency Conservative Association. She won over 50% of the vote in the first round of the final against five other candidates.[43][44] Shortly after her selection, some members of the constituency association objected to Truss's selection, due to her failing to declare a prior affair with the married Conservative MP Mark Field.[45] A motion was proposed to terminate Truss's candidature, but this was defeated by 132 votes to 37 at a general meeting of the association's members three weeks later.[46]

Parliamentary career

Following her election to the House of Commons on 6 May 2010, Truss campaigned for issues including the retention of the RAF Tornado base at RAF Marham in her constituency;[47] over seven months she asked 13 questions in the Commons about RAF Marham, secured a special debate on the subject, wrote dozens of letters to ministers and collected signatures on a petition which was delivered to Downing Street.[48] From the start of her parliamentary career, she also lobbied for the dualling of the A11 west of Thetford;[49] the work was completed in 2014.[50] "With an eye on Thetford Forest, in her constituency, she spoke out against the proposal to sell off forests"[51] and played "a leading role" in preventing a waste incinerator being built at King's Lynn.[48] Her work to campaign for design improvements to road junctions in her constituency, notably the A47, led to her being named Road Safety Parliamentarian of the Month by the road safety charity Brake in January 2013.[52]

In March 2011, Truss wrote a paper for the liberal think tank CentreForum in which she argued for an end to bias against serious academic subjects in the education system so that social mobility can be improved.[53] Truss wrote a further paper for the same think tank in May 2012, in which she argued for change in the structure of the childcare market in Britain.[54]

In October 2011, Truss founded the Free Enterprise Group, which has been supported by over 40 other Conservative MPs.[55] In September 2011, together with four other members of the Free Enterprise Group, she had co-authored After the Coalition, a book which sought to challenge the consensus that Britain's economic decline is inevitable by arguing for the return of a more entrepreneurial and meritocratic culture.[56]

Britannia Unchained was published on 13 September 2012 by the same authors as above. In Chapter 4, which is named "Work Ethic" (page 61), the book states: "Once they enter the workplace, the British are among the worst idlers in the world. We work among the lowest hours, we retire early and our productivity is poor."[57][58] During a BBC leadership debate in July 2022, Truss said that the authors had each written a different chapter of the book and that Dominic Raab had written chapter 4 which contains those claims.[59][60] Raab later remarked that the authors had taken "collective responsibility" for the book.[59] As part of a serialisation in The Daily Telegraph, Truss wrote an article previewing Britannia Unchained.[61] The book was promoted by its publishers as the work of "the Conservative Party's rising stars".[62]

Truss has championed Britain following Germany's lead in allowing people to have tax-free and less heavily regulated "mini-jobs".[63] Since Truss published a paper on the policy for the Free Enterprise Group in February 2012, the policy has been examined by the Treasury as a policy to promote growth.[64][65]

Truss has campaigned for improved teaching of more rigorous school subjects, especially mathematics. She noted in 2012 that only 20% of British students studied maths to 18,[66] and called for maths classes to be compulsory for all those in full-time education.[67] Truss herself studied maths and further maths at A level.[66] She argued in 2011 that comprehensive school pupils were being "mis-sold" easy, low-value subjects to boost school results: comprehensive school pupils were six times as likely to take media studies at A-level as privately educated pupils.[68] Truss also criticised the over-reliance on calculators to the detriment of mental arithmetic.[69]

From March 2011, she was a Member of the Justice Select Committee,[70] remaining on the committee until her appointment as a government minister.

Ministerial career

Junior ministerial career (2012–2014)

Truss at the think tank Policy Exchange in 2013

On 4 September 2012, Truss was appointed as parliamentary under-secretary of state at the Department for Education, responsible for childcare and early learning, assessment, qualifications, curriculum reform, behaviour and attendance, and school food review.[71] In this role, she developed some of the policy areas that she had pursued as a backbencher.

In January 2013, she announced proposals to reform A-Levels, by concentrating examinations at the end of two-year courses.[72] She sought to improve British standards in maths for fear that children are falling behind those in Asian countries,[73] and led a fact-finding visit to schools and teacher-training centres in Shanghai in February 2014 to see how children there have become the best in the world at maths.[74]

Truss also outlined plans to reform childcare in England, which would overhaul childcare qualifications and increase the maximum number of children relative to adults in a care establishment, with the intention of widening the availability of childcare along with increasing pay and qualifications among staff.[75] The proposed reforms were broadly welcomed by some organisations such as the charity 4Children,[76] the Confederation of British Industry[77] and the College of West Anglia.[78] However, the proposals met opposition from others. The TUC general secretary Frances O'Grady and the then Shadow Education Secretary Stephen Twigg were among those criticising the reforms,[79] and were echoed by some parents and childcare bodies, such as the charity National Day Nurseries Association.[80]

The columnist Polly Toynbee was highly critical of the minister's plans and challenged Truss to demonstrate how to care for two babies alongside four toddlers on her own.[81] Truss responded to Toynbee's challenge by saying that being an early educator was a very demanding job, requiring great and specialist expertise, for which she was not trained.[82] In the event, aspects of the reforms relating to relaxation of childcare ratios were blocked by the Deputy Prime Minister Nick Clegg,[83] who said: "The response, not just from nurseries, but overwhelmingly from parent groups was they thought this was a bad idea."[84]

Environment secretary (2014–2016)

In a 15 July 2014 cabinet reshuffle, Truss was appointed secretary of state for environment, food and rural affairs, replacing Owen Paterson. In apparent contrast to her predecessor,[85] Truss declared that she fully believed that climate change is happening,[86] and that "human beings have contributed to that".[87] She became a member of the Privy Council the next day.[88]

At the Conservative Party conference in September 2014, Truss made a speech in which she said "We import two-thirds of our cheese, that is a disgrace" and "In December, I’ll be in Beijing, opening up new pork markets." The awkwardness of her delivery led her to be widely mocked, and clips of the speech went viral.[89][90]

In November 2014, Truss launched a new 10-year bee and pollinator strategy to try to reverse the trend of falling bee populations,[91] including a strategy to revive traditional meadows which provide the most fertile habitat for pollinators. In July 2015, she approved the limited temporary lifting of an EU ban on the use of two neonicotinoid pesticides, enabling their use for 120 days on about 5% of England's oilseed rape crop to ward off the cabbage-stem flea beetle;[92] campaigners in 2012 warned that pesticides were shown to harm bees by damaging their renowned ability to navigate home.[93]

Truss cut taxpayer subsidies for solar panels on agricultural land, as her view was that the land could be better used to grow crops, food and vegetables.[94] She described farming and food as "hotbeds of innovation"[95] and promoted the production and export of British food.[96]

In March 2015, she was one of two cabinet ministers to vote against the government's successful proposal to introduce plain packaging for cigarettes, in what was technically a free vote.[97]

Justice secretary and lord chancellor (2016–2017)

On 14 July 2016, Truss was appointed as secretary of state for justice and lord chancellor in Theresa May's first ministry. Truss became the first woman to hold either position and the first female Lord Chancellor in the thousand-year history of the office.[a] May's decision to appoint her was criticised by the then minister of state for justice Lord Faulks, who resigned from the government, questioning whether Truss would have the clout to be able to stand up to the prime minister when necessary, on behalf of the judges.[99] Truss herself said that he did not contact her before going public with his criticism, and she had never met or spoken to him.[100]

In November 2016, Truss was further criticised, including by the former attorney general Dominic Grieve and the Criminal Bar Association, for failing to support more robustly the judiciary and the principle of judicial independence, after three judges of the Divisional Court came under attack from politicians and from the Daily Mail for ruling against the government in R (Miller) v Secretary of State for Exiting the European Union.[101] Lord Falconer, the former lord chancellor, who had previously suggested that, like her immediate predecessors Chris Grayling and Michael Gove, Truss lacked the essential legal expertise that the constitution requires, called for her to be sacked as justice secretary as her perceived inadequate response "signals to the judges that they have lost their constitutional protector".[102]

Truss denied she had failed to defend the judges. "An independent judiciary is the cornerstone of the rule of law, vital to our constitution and freedoms", she wrote. "It is my duty as Lord Chancellor to defend that independence. I swore to do so under my oath of office. I take that very seriously, and I will always do so."[103] She also said that the independent judiciary was robust enough to withstand attack by The Daily Telegraph and Daily Mail.[104] However, in March 2017, the lord chief justice, Lord Thomas of Cwmgiedd, told the House of Lords constitution select committee that Truss was "completely and utterly wrong" to say she could not criticise the media and reiterated the importance of protecting judges.[105]

Following a significant rise in prison violence incidents in 2015 and 2016,[106] in November 2016 Truss announced a £1.3 billion investment programme in the prison service and the recruitment of 2,500 additional prison officers, partly reversing the cuts made under the previous coalition government.[107][108]

Chief secretary to the Treasury (2017–2019)

On 11 June 2017, following the general election, Truss was moved to the position of chief secretary to the Treasury, attending the cabinet but not a full member of it, in what was seen by some as a demotion.[109]

Truss developed an enthusiasm for cultivating her presence on Twitter and Instagram. The Times described this as an unorthodox approach that had won her fans.[110][111] She was also closely involved in the launch of the free market campaign group, Freer.[112] Some of her civil servants were reported as finding her tenure as chief secretary "exhausting", because of her demanding work schedule and her habit of asking officials multiplication questions at random intervals.[113]

In June 2018, Truss gave a speech outlining her declared commitment to freedom and individual liberty. She criticised regulations that get in the way of people's lives and warned that raising taxes could see the Conservatives being "crushed" at the polls;[114] in particular, she criticised ministerial colleagues who she said should realise "that it's not macho just to demand more money. It's much tougher to demand better value and challenge the blob of vested interests within your department".[115]

In 2019, Truss declared that she could be a candidate for the leadership of the Conservative Party to succeed May.[116] However, she ultimately elected not to stand, and instead endorsed Boris Johnson.[117]

International trade secretary (2019–2021)

Truss with Roberto Azevêdo at the World Trade Organization in Geneva, October 2019

After Boris Johnson became Prime Minister, Truss was tipped for promotion in return for her support during his leadership campaign, during which she advised Johnson on economic policy, and was the architect of plans to cut taxes for people earning over £50,000.[113] Consequently, it was thought she would be appointed chancellor of the Exchequer or business secretary, but she was instead promoted to the position of secretary of state for international trade and president of the Board of Trade.[118] Following the resignation of Amber Rudd, Truss was additionally appointed minister for women and equalities.

Twice in September 2019, Truss said that the Department for International Trade had "inadvertently" allowed shipping of radio spares and an air cooler to Saudi Arabia in contravention of an order of the Court of Appeal, which found that UK arms sales to Saudi Arabia for use in the war in Yemen were unlawful.[119][120][121] While Truss apologised to a Commons committee on arms export controls, opposition MPs said her apology was insufficient and called for her to resign for breaking the law.[122]

On 19 March 2020, Truss introduced to Parliament the Trade Act 2021, which established the legal framework for the UK to conduct trade deals with nations around the world.[123][124]

On 7 July 2020, Truss announced the lifting of a year-long ban on the export of arms and military equipment to Saudi Arabia.[125] She said that "there is not a clear risk that the export of arms and military equipment to Saudi Arabia might be used in the commission of a serious violation of international humanitarian law."[126]

Truss in 2021

In August 2020, meetings Truss held with the Institute of Economic Affairs were removed from the public record because they were recategorised as "personal discussions", which the Labour Party said raised concerns about integrity, transparency and honesty in public office.[127]

Truss undertook negotiations for a post-Brexit free trade agreement between the UK and Japan.[128] An agreement between the two countries was struck in September 2020, which Truss said would result in "99% of exports to Japan" being "tariff-free". It was the first major trade deal the UK had signed since leaving the European Union and was hailed as a "historic moment" by Truss; it mostly copied the existing trade deal the EU had agreed with Japan.[129][130] This was followed by newly negotiated trade deals with Australia, New Zealand, Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein.[131]

In December 2020, Truss made a speech on equality policy in which she stated that the UK focused too heavily on "fashionable" race, sexuality, and gender issues at the expense of poverty and geographical disparity. In the speech, she announced that the government and civil service would no longer be receiving unconscious bias training.[132][133]

Foreign secretary (2021–2022)

Truss meeting with the Indonesian president Joko Widodo in Jakarta, November 2021
Truss meeting with the US Secretary of State Antony Blinken in Washington, March 2022

On 15 September 2021 during a cabinet reshuffle, Johnson promoted Truss from International Trade Secretary to secretary of state for foreign, Commonwealth and development affairs.[134]

At the 2021 United Nations Climate Change Conference in Glasgow, she said that France had acted unacceptably during the Jersey fishing dispute.[135]

In October 2021, she called on Russia to intervene in the Belarus–European Union border crisis[136] and said she wanted a "closer trading and investment relationship" with the Gulf Cooperation Council which includes Saudi Arabia and Qatar.[137] In November 2021, Truss and her Israeli counterpart Yair Lapid announced a new decade-long deal aimed at stopping Iran from developing nuclear weapons.[138] In December 2021, she met her Russian counterpart Sergey Lavrov in Stockholm, urging Russia to seek peace in Ukraine.[139]

On 5 November 2021, she called for a ceasefire in the Tigray War between Ethiopian rebel groups and the Ethiopian government led by Abiy Ahmed, saying that "there is no military solution and that negotiations are needed to avoid bloodshed and deliver lasting peace".[140]

In January 2022, the former Australian prime minister Paul Keating, who serves on the international board of the China Development Bank,[141] accused Truss of making "demented" comments about Chinese military aggression in the Pacific, saying that "Britain suffers delusions of grandeur and relevance deprivation".[142]

Truss was appointed in December 2021 as the British Government's chief negotiator with the EU, following the resignation of Lord Frost.[143] On 30 January 2022, she told the BBC's Sunday Morning programme that "we are supplying and offering extra support into our Baltic allies across the Black Sea, as well as supplying the Ukrainians with defensive weapons".[144] The Russian diplomat Maria Zakharova commented, using social media, that the Baltic states are located on or near the Baltic Sea and not the Black Sea, which is 700 miles away from the Baltic.[145] Truss's scheduled trip to Ukraine was cancelled after she tested positive for COVID-19 on 31 January 2022.[146]

On 6 February 2022, Truss warned that "China must respect the Falklands' sovereignty" and defended the Falkland Islands as "part of the British family" after China backed Argentina's claim over islands.[147]

Russia and Ukraine

On 10 February 2022, Truss again met Lavrov. In the context of tensions between Russia and the West over a build-up of Russian troops near the Russia–Ukraine border, talks between the two foreign ministers were described as "difficult".[148] Lavrov described the discussion as "turning out like the conversation of a mute and a deaf person".[149] He dismissed "demands to remove Russian troops from Russian territory" as "regrettable" and asked Truss if she recognised Russia's sovereignty over the Voronezh and Rostov regions,[150] two Russian provinces where Russian troops were deployed.[151] Later that day, the Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office prepared legislation to allow for more sanctions on Russian organisations and individuals.[152] On 21 February 2022, Truss condemned Russia's diplomatic recognition of two self-proclaimed separatist republics in the Donbas in Ukraine.[153] She also stated that the British government would announce new sanctions against Russia.[154]

Truss with her Ukrainian counterpart Dmytro Kuleba in Kyiv, February 2022

Following Russian's invasion of Ukraine on 24 February, Truss was asked in a BBC interview on 27 February about a call from Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy for foreigners to join the newly formed International Legion of Territorial Defense of Ukraine, and if she supported British volunteers joining, to which she responded: "Absolutely, if that is what they want to do".[155] The comments were criticised by some Conservative colleagues, including former Attorney General Dominic Grieve, who said that while "the comments of the foreign secretary may be entirely honourable and understandable", people going to Ukraine to fight without formal licences from the UK government would be in breach of the Foreign Enlistment Act 1870 and committing a criminal offence.[156] Following the Russian military's being placed on high nuclear alert on 27 February, Russian officials said it was in response to Truss's comments.[157] Boris Johnson's spokesperson later stated that British citizens should not travel to Ukraine to fight the Russians and dismissed a claim by the Kremlin that comments from Truss prompted the nuclear alert.[158]

At the end of February, Truss called on the G7 countries to limit the import of oil and natural gas from Russia.[159] She said the Russo-Ukrainian War could "last for years" and that it could mark the "beginning of the end" for Putin.[160] In March, Truss said it was necessary to "work with all of our allies around the world", including Saudi Arabia, so that the UK is no longer "dependent" on Russia for oil and natural gas.[161] She wanted to push Russia's economy "back into the Soviet era".[162] On 27 April 2022, Truss said that Western allies, including the UK, must "double down" and "keep going further and faster" to "push Russia out of the whole of Ukraine", including Crimea.[163][164] In July 2022, she blamed Putin for the emerging global energy and food crises.[165][166]

2022 Conservative Party leadership election

Logo for Truss's leadership bid

On 10 July 2022, Truss announced her intention to run in the Conservative Party leadership election to replace Boris Johnson. She pledged to cut taxes on day one if elected, and said she would "fight the election as a Conservative and govern as a Conservative", adding that she would also take "immediate action to help people deal with the cost of living".[167] She said she would cancel a planned rise in corporation tax and reverse the recent increase in National Insurance rates, funded by delaying the date by which the national debt is planned to fall, as part of a "long-term plan to bring down the size of the state and the tax burden".[168]

On 20 July, Truss and former chancellor of the Exchequer Rishi Sunak were chosen by Conservative Party MPs to be put forward to the membership for the final leadership vote. She finished second in the final MPs ballot, receiving 113 votes to Sunak's 137 votes.[169][170] In the membership vote, it was announced on 5 September that 57.4% of ballots were for Truss, making her the new leader.[170]

Prime minister of the United Kingdom

Truss arriving at 10 Downing Street after her audience with Elizabeth II
Wikinews has related news:
  • Liz Truss becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

Appointment

Following the resignation as prime minister of Boris Johnson, Truss, as the duly elected leader of the Conservatives, the majority party in Parliament, was received by Elizabeth II at Balmoral Castle near Aberdeen, Scotland, the first and only prime minister not received by the Queen at Buckingham Palace. Truss was appointed the new prime minister of the United Kingdom in one of the Queen's last official acts before her death just two days later on 8 September 2022 at the age of 96.[171][172] On 10 September 2022, Truss and other senior members of Parliament pledged a new oath of allegiance to Charles III in a special session of Parliament. This was not a requirement, as MPs swear an oath to the monarch "and their heirs and successors" at the start of each Parliament.[173]

Cabinet

Truss began appointing her cabinet and other government positions on 6 September 2022.[174] She appointed Thérèse Coffey, a close friend and ally,[175] as deputy prime minister and health secretary.[176][177] Truss appointed Kwasi Kwarteng as chancellor of the Exchequer, James Cleverly as foreign secretary and Suella Braverman as home secretary.[178] For the first time in British political history, no white men hold positions in the four Great Offices of State, prime minister, chancellor of the Exchequer, foreign secretary and home secretary.[179][180][181]

Domestic policies

Shortly after her appointment, Truss announced a cap on the price per unit for domestic energy supplies,[182] which the government said would cap average household energy bills at £2,500 per year,[183] while costing the state up to £100 billion.[184]

The September 2022 United Kingdom mini-budget, announced by Chancellor Kwasi Kwarteng, was poorly received by financial markets and was blamed for a rapid fall in the value of the Pound, and prompted a response from the Bank of England.[185][186]

Foreign policy

Truss with US President Joe Biden in September 2022

During her first three weeks as prime minister, Truss had "a speaking role before hundreds of world leaders" at the Queen's funeral, and held "a round of diplomatic meetings on the sideline" at the United Nations General Assembly on 21 September,[187] as well as giving a speech in which she said that she wanted people to keep more of their earnings.[188][189]

Political positions

Economics and foreign policy

Protesters outside Downing Street highlighting the UK's complicity in Saudi Arabia's bombing campaign against Yemen

Truss is known for her economically liberal views and her support for free trade.[190] She founded the Free Enterprise Group of Conservative MPs, a pro-free market collection of parliamentarians arguing for a more entrepreneurial economy and fewer employment laws.[191] In 2022 she called Saudi Arabia an "ally", but said she was not "condoning" the country's policies.[161][192] Truss promised to "review" moving the British embassy in Israel from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem.[193]

Truss was described as a hawkish foreign secretary.[194] She has called for Britain to reduce economic dependency on China and Russia and has supported certain diplomatic and economic sanctions imposed by the British government against China, including barring the Chinese ambassador to the UK Zheng Zeguang from entering Parliament, in response to China's retaliatory sanctions due to Xinjiang.[195][196] She accused Rishi Sunak of "seeking closer economic relations" with China.[197] Truss has been a strong supporter of Taiwan in the context of deteriorating cross strait relations, but, citing precedent, has said she would not visit the island nation if she was elected prime minister.[198][199][200] She described the Chinese government's treatment of the Uyghur people as "genocide".[201][202]

She stated that the UK and Turkey are "key European NATO allies" and called for UK-Turkey cooperation on "energy, defence and security" to be deepened.[203] Truss said she would continue to support Cyprus in its "efforts for reunification under international law and in helping find a peaceful and lasting solution" to the Cyprus conflict between Greek Cypriots and Turkish-backed Turkish Cypriot separatists.[204]

Brexit

Truss and US National Security Advisor John Bolton in 2019

Truss supported the United Kingdom's remaining in the European Union during the 2016 referendum.[205]

Since the referendum, Truss has supported Brexit; in 2017, she said that if another referendum were held, she would vote for Brexit, saying: "I believed there would be massive economic problems but those haven't come to pass and I've also seen the opportunities."[206] In the 2022 Conservative Party leadership election, Truss said of her support for Remain that "I was wrong and I am prepared to admit I was wrong".[207] She added that "some of the portents of doom didn't happen and instead we have actually unleashed new opportunities" after Brexit.[207] Her support of Brexit during these debates made her popular with the Conservative party members who selected her as prime minister during this leadership election.[208]

Social and cultural issues

On culture, Truss has said that the Conservative Party should "reject the zero-sum game of identity politics, we reject the illiberalism of cancel culture, and we reject the soft bigotry of low expectations that holds so many people back".[209] She has also suggested that Britain should not ignore the history of the British Empire, but should embrace the country's history "warts and all" if it is to compete with hostile states.[210] In 2021, Truss voted to decriminalise abortion in Northern Ireland and abstained from voting on the introduction of "buffer zones" outside of abortion clinics.[211]

On LGBTQ+ rights, Truss, according to Reuters, voted for gay marriage and has never voted against LGBTQ+ rights, but has also moved to limit trans rights.[212] She spoke against gender self-identification, stating that "medical checks are important". She said that she agreed that "only women have a cervix".[213] She also stated that the government departments should withdraw from Stonewall's diversity champions scheme.[214] Despite initially supporting single-sex services being restricted on the basis of biological sex, she later said in February 2022 that the Government was not interested in enacting such a measure.[215]

Energy and environment

Truss and Armenian President Armen Sarkissian at the 2021 United Nations Climate Change Conference in Glasgow, 2021

As environment secretary, Truss promoted animal welfare, in particular protecting the bee population[how?].[91]

Truss has signed the Conservative Environment Pledge on the website of the Conservative Environment Network (CEN),[216][217] which has the support of 127 Conservative MPs.[218] By signing the CEN pledge, Truss committed to achieving the UK's net-zero target on reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 2050[217][219] and in 2022, said that she wanted to do this "in a way that doesn't harm businesses or consumers".[220] As part of the energy crisis measures, a temporary suspension of green levies on domestic bills starting on 1 October was announced by the Government,[221] with schemes previously funded by the levies now being funded by Government.[222]

As reported in The Daily Telegraph, Truss plans to scrap an environmental rule called the "nutrient neutrality" requirement.[223] This rule requires details from the developers about how their proposals might pollute rivers and wetlands and is implemented by the non-departmental public body Natural England.[223] UK Government support for nutrient neutrality is outlined in a policy paper from March 2022 "Nutrient pollution: reducing the impact on protected sites".[224]

Truss has undertaken to approve a series of oil and gas drilling licences in the North Sea, with her advisers talking to energy firms about North Sea production, as confirmed by Offshore Energies UK.[225][226] Up to 130 new drilling licences could be issued,[227] part of a long-term plan to ensure British energy security.[225] Criticism from Greenpeace's Doug Parr said that intensifying drilling would have little effect on energy bills.[227]

The ban on fracking for shale gas was lifted in September 2022 as the moratorium in place since 2019 was scrapped.[228][229] The lifting of the ban has given companies the go-ahead to apply for planning permission to extract shale gas in the U.K.[228] Fracking was banned by the government in November 2019 after a report by the Oil and Gas Authority found that it was not possible at that time to predict the probability or strength of earthquakes caused by fracking.[230][231]

While not against the use of solar panels, in August 2022 Truss said that she thought that it was "one of the most depressing sights" to see fields full of solar panels, instead of being full of crops or livestock.[232] She has proposed that solar panel use should be restricted to commercial roofs.[232]

At hustings for the Conservative Party leadership election in Exeter in August 2022, Truss has said that she would give her support to the construction of small modular reactors and large nuclear power facilities in the United Kingdom.[233] While Foreign Secretary, Truss cautioned against Chinese involvement in British infrastructure, including nuclear power stations.[234]

As outlined in the Government's Hydrogen Strategy and included as part of Truss's energy crisis solutions, building hydrogen production facilities will be a key part of the UK energy supply.[235][236] A company has been given the green light to build a 6 Megawatt electrolyser at the Sizewell nuclear power stations site and will involve the Freeport East Hydrogen Hub in Felixstowe/Harwich.[237] Hydrogen production can involve water generation, called "green", or fossil fuel generation, called "grey" and "blue".[238]

A press release from Truss and the FCDO, after the COP26 summit in Glasgow, ended by saying that the UK was committed to supporting green enterprises and would help countries globally to deliver green, sustainable growth and economic development,[239] while a statement by Truss at the end of a G7 foreign and development ministers' meeting in December 2021 outlined a commitment from them to work together to keep to the COP27 target for limiting global warming to 1.5 degrees.[240]

Personal life

Marriage and children

In 2000, Truss married Hugh O'Leary, a fellow accountant, at St Alfege Church, Greenwich;[23][241] the couple have two daughters.[242] From 2004 until mid-2005, she had an extramarital affair with the married MP Mark Field,[243] whom the Conservative Party had appointed as her political mentor. She remained married to O'Leary.[242]

Religion

Truss is an Anglican, telling the Conservative Party hustings: "I share the values of the Christian faith and the Church of England, but I'm not a regular practising religious person."[244]

Truss's uncle, Reverend Canon Richard Truss, is a retired priest of the Church of England and a former vicar at St John's Church, Waterloo. He officiated at the marriage between Truss and O'Leary.[241]

Publications

  • Kounine, Laura; Marks, John; Truss, Elizabeth (June 2008). The value of mathematics (PDF). London: Reform. ISBN 978-1-905730-09-4. Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 April 2009.
  • Bassett, Dale; Cawston, Thomas; Thraves, Laurie; Truss, Elizabeth (June 2009). A new level (PDF). London: Reform. ISBN 978-1-905730-19-3.
  • Truss, Elizabeth; Bosanquet, Nick (September 2009). Risky Business: "Nudging" you to make the "right" choices (PDF). London: Chartered Insurance Institute.
  • Truss, Elizabeth (15 March 2011). Academic rigour and social mobility: how low income students are being kept out of top jobs. Centre forum. Archived from the original on 19 April 2012.
  • Kwarteng, Kwasi; Patel, Priti; Raab, Dominic; Skidmore, Chris; Truss, Liz (2011). After the Coalition. London: Biteback Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84954-212-8.
  • Truss, Elizabeth (May 2012). Affordable quality: new approaches to childcare (PDF). Centre forum. Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 November 2016. Retrieved 30 June 2012.
  • Truss, Elizabeth (30 April 2016). "EU membership – benefits for animal health and welfare". Veterinary Record. 178 (18): 435. doi:10.1136/vr.i2349. PMID 27127086. S2CID 42245508.

Explanatory notes

  1. ^ If not including Eleanor of Provence, who exercised the powers of the Lord Chancellor in 1253 but was not formally appointed to the office.[98]

References

  1. ^ "Everything you need to know about new Prime Minister Liz Truss". Metro. 6 September 2022. Retrieved 9 September 2022.
  2. ^ England & Wales, Civil Registration Birth Index, 1916–2007. Vol. 20. p. 2898.
  3. ^ "Celebrity Education: Liz Truss, The New PM of UK, Studied from Oxford University". News18. 6 September 2022. Retrieved 9 September 2022.
  4. ^ CNN, Analysis by Luke McGee. "Analysis: Britain's new prime minister, Liz Truss, is a political shape-shifter. Now she's set for her toughest transformation yet". CNN. Retrieved 9 September 2022.
  5. ^ "The Rt Hon Elizabeth Truss MP". GOV.UK. Retrieved 9 September 2022.
  6. ^ "Who is Liz Truss? From teenage Lib Dem to Tory PM". BBC News. 6 September 2022. Retrieved 7 September 2022.
  7. ^ a b c Grylls, George; Norfolk, Andrew; Wace, Charlotte (1 September 2022). "Liz Truss: from teenage Lib Dem to darling of the Tory right". The Times. ISSN 0140-0460. Archived from the original on 5 September 2022. Retrieved 5 September 2022.
  8. ^ McSmith, Andy (18 July 2014). "Liz Truss: Conqueror of the Turnip Taliban". The Independent. Archived from the original on 8 June 2022. Retrieved 8 August 2019.
  9. ^ a b Truss, Liz (27 September 2018). "Liz Truss: I played Margaret Thatcher at my primary school in Paisley". The Scotsman. Archived from the original on 27 October 2019. Retrieved 27 October 2019.
  10. ^ Josh Glancy; Hugo Daniel (3 September 2022). "Just where is Liz Truss from? Her incredible journey spans three countries and two continents". The Times. Archived from the original on 4 September 2022. Retrieved 6 September 2022.
  11. ^ Belam, Martin (29 July 2022). "Loves cheese, hates her first name: 10 things you may not know about Liz Truss". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 10 August 2022. Retrieved 12 August 2022.
  12. ^ "Liz Truss's Dad is said to be 'distraught' by his daughter's own policies". Indy100. 1 August 2022. Archived from the original on 22 August 2022. Retrieved 22 August 2022.
  13. ^ a b "Profile: Elizabeth Truss". The Sunday Times. 8 November 2009. Archived from the original on 18 July 2014. Retrieved 30 July 2012.
  14. ^ a b c d Asthana, Anushka (9 June 2012). "The lady's for turning, right from CND to Conservative". The Times. Archived from the original on 14 March 2016. Retrieved 30 July 2012.
  15. ^ Forsyth, James (23 June 2012). "Next right". The Spectator. Archived from the original on 5 November 2021. Retrieved 30 July 2012.
  16. ^ Teale, Andrew. "2004 – Leeds". Local Elections Archive Project. Archived from the original on 28 May 2022. Retrieved 6 September 2022.
  17. ^ "Liz Truss went to school in Paisley. Would that make her a better PM for Scotland?". 19 July 2022. Archived from the original on 1 September 2022. Retrieved 1 September 2022.
  18. ^ a b Pengelly, Martin (18 July 2022). "I grew up where Liz Truss did, attended the same school. She's not telling you the truth". The Guardian. Retrieved 14 September 2022.
  19. ^ Vinter, Robyn (13 July 2022). "Liz Truss criticised for saying her Leeds school 'let down' children". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 14 July 2022. Retrieved 14 July 2022.
  20. ^ Woods, Allan (5 September 2022). "Why Liz Truss — Britain's incoming, hardline PM — has a 'sweet spot' for Canada". Toronto Star. Archived from the original on 5 September 2022. Retrieved 6 September 2022.
  21. ^ McSmith, Andy (18 July 2014). "Liz Truss: Conqueror of the Turnip Taliban". The Independent. Archived from the original on 8 June 2022. Retrieved 8 August 2019.
  22. ^ Ben Ellery (22 July 2022). "How Liz Truss's Tory transformation left her liberal family behind". Times Newspapers Limited. Archived from the original on 23 July 2022. Retrieved 29 July 2022.
  23. ^ a b Rajeev Syal; Emine Sinmaz; Ben Quinn; Peter Walker (30 July 2022). "Ambition greater than ability: Liz Truss's rise from teen Lib Dem to would-be PM". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 31 July 2022. Retrieved 30 July 2022.
  24. ^ Kiron Reid (1994). "Criminal Damage" (PDF). Liberal Democrat Newsletter. Archived (PDF) from the original on 1 August 2022. Retrieved 1 August 2022.
  25. ^ Steerpike (29 July 2022). "Revealed: Liz Truss's youthful escapades". The Spectator. Archived from the original on 10 August 2022. Retrieved 2 August 2022.
  26. ^ a b "BBC Democracy Live: Elizabeth Truss MP". BBC News. 2014. Archived from the original on 17 July 2014.
  27. ^ Dale, Iain; Smith, Jacqui (2019). The Honourable Ladies : Volume II: Profiles of Women MPs 1997–2019. La Vergne: Biteback Publishing. ISBN 9781785904479. Archived from the original on 16 July 2022. Retrieved 14 July 2022.
  28. ^ "The Story of Liz Truss - The Former Republican and Liberal Democrat". Politics.co.uk. Retrieved 13 September 2022.
  29. ^ Parker, George; Hughes, Laura (10 February 2022). "How Liz Truss transformed herself from also-ran to potential PM". Financial Times. Archived from the original on 13 July 2022. Retrieved 18 July 2022.
  30. ^ a b Ben Quinn (5 September 2022). "How Liz Truss became leader of the Conservative party – a timeline". The Guardian. Retrieved 7 September 2022.
  31. ^ "The value of mathematics". Reform. June 2008. Archived from the original on 6 April 2012.
  32. ^ Andrew Haldenby; Lucy Parsons; Greg Rosen; Elizabeth Truss (March 2009). "Fit for Purpose". Academia.edu. Reform. Archived from the original on 7 September 2022. Retrieved 7 September 2022.
  33. ^ "A new level". Reform. June 2009. Archived from the original on 6 April 2012.
  34. ^ Dale Bassett; Professor Nick Bosanquet; Andrew Haldenby; Patrick Nolan; Lucy Parsons; Laurie Thraves; Elizabeth Truss (2009). Back To Black: Budget 2009 Paper. Scribd Inc. ISBN 978-1-905730-18-6. Archived from the original on 19 August 2022. Retrieved 19 August 2022.
  35. ^ Jamie Grierson (19 August 2022). "Liz Truss called for patients to be charged for GP visits, 2009 paper reveals". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 19 August 2022. Retrieved 19 August 2022.
  36. ^ Minors, Michael; Grenham, Dennis (1998). London Borough Council Elections 7 May 1998: Including the Greater London Authority Referendum Results (PDF). London: London Research Centre. ISBN 1-85261-276-2. OCLC 40179592. Archived (PDF) from the original on 8 October 2016. Retrieved 14 July 2022.
  37. ^ Teale, Andrew. "2002 – Greenwich". Local Elections Archive Project. Archived from the original on 14 July 2022. Retrieved 14 July 2022.
  38. ^ a b Teale, Andrew. "Eltham South Ward". Local Elections Archive Project. Archived from the original on 14 July 2022. Retrieved 7 August 2022.
  39. ^ "General Election 2010 timetable". UK Parliament. 2010. Archived from the original on 11 December 2021. Retrieved 7 August 2022.
  40. ^ "Vote 2001 – Results & Constituencies – Hemsworth". BBC News. Archived from the original on 27 October 2020. Retrieved 31 July 2022.
  41. ^ a b McSmith, Andy (26 July 2014). "A political affair: We profile cabinet minister Liz Truss". Belfast Telegraph. Archived from the original on 2 February 2021. Retrieved 3 November 2016.
  42. ^ Stokes, Paul (12 January 2005). "Dumped candidate blames old Tory sexism". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 7 July 2022. Retrieved 3 November 2016.
  43. ^ Hope, Christopher (13 November 2009). "David Cameron phones local grandee". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 25 June 2022. Retrieved 4 September 2012.
  44. ^ Dale, Iain (31 October 2009). "Iain Dale's EDP column: Why Liz Truss Deserves the Support of SW Norfolk Tories (blog)". Blogspot. Archived from the original on 24 February 2018. Retrieved 4 September 2012.
  45. ^ Gosden, Emily. "Affair of Elizabeth Truss exposes Tory tensions". The Times. ISSN 0140-0460. Archived from the original on 4 November 2021. Retrieved 23 July 2022.
  46. ^ "Tory woman wins selection battle". BBC News. 17 November 2009. Archived from the original on 13 August 2017. Retrieved 11 May 2010.
  47. ^ "Campaign aim to keep Tornado base at RAF Marham". BBC News. 13 November 2010. Archived from the original on 25 June 2022. Retrieved 19 March 2011.
  48. ^ a b McGurran, Deborah (18 July 2014). "Elizabeth Truss joins the cabinet table in reshuffle". BBC News. Archived from the original on 20 June 2022. Retrieved 19 July 2014.
  49. ^ "New date for work on dualling A11 in Suffolk and Norfolk". BBC News. 22 March 2012. Archived from the original on 31 July 2022. Retrieved 31 July 2022.
  50. ^ Bond, Richard (12 December 2014). "A11 roadworks complete after 40-year wait". BBC News. Archived from the original on 31 July 2022. Retrieved 31 July 2022.
  51. ^ Lowthorpe, Shaun (2 February 2011). "Government urged to grant heritage status to Thetford Forest". Eastern Daily Press. Archived from the original on 16 April 2016. Retrieved 19 July 2014.
  52. ^ "Road Safety Parliamentarian of the Month". Brake. January 2013. Archived from the original on 23 April 2013. Retrieved 18 February 2013.
  53. ^ Truss, Liz (15 March 2011). Academic rigour and social mobility: how low income students are being kept out of top jobs. London: Centre Forum. Archived from the original on 19 April 2012. Retrieved 19 March 2011.
  54. ^ Truss, Liz (May 2012). Affordable Quality: New Approaches to Childcare (PDF). London: Centre Forum. Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 November 2016. Retrieved 30 June 2012.
  55. ^ "Home Page". Free Enterprise Group. Archived from the original on 4 December 2020. Retrieved 7 October 2011.
  56. ^ Kwarteng, Kwasi; Patel, Priti; Raab, Dominic; Skidmore, Chris; Truss, Liz (2011). After the Coalition. London: Biteback Publishing. ISBN 9781849542128. Archived from the original on 3 November 2021. Retrieved 18 May 2016.
  57. ^ Kwarteng, Kwasi; Patel, Priti; Raab, Dominic; Skidmore, Chris; Truss, Liz (2012). Britannia Unchained: Global Lessons for Growth and Prosperity. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. p. 61. ISBN 978-1-137-03223-2. Archived from the original on 7 August 2022. Retrieved 6 August 2022. “The British are among the worst idlers in the world. We work among the lowest hours, we retire early and our productivity is poor. Whereas Indian children aspire to be doctors or businessmen, the British are more interested in football and pop music”
  58. ^ "British workers 'among worst idlers', suggest Tory MPs". BBC News. 18 August 2012. Archived from the original on 6 August 2022. Retrieved 6 August 2022.
  59. ^ a b Pippa Crerar (16 August 2022). "Leaked audio reveals Liz Truss said British workers needed 'more graft'". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 17 August 2022. Retrieved 17 August 2022.
  60. ^ "Liz Truss: bookies' favourite for Downing Street". BBC News. 13 August 2022. Archived from the original on 16 August 2022. Retrieved 17 August 2022.
  61. ^ Truss, Liz (4 September 2012). "We must shift science out of the geek ghetto". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 3 November 2021. Retrieved 3 April 2018.
  62. ^ "Britannia Unchained (promotional leaflet)" (PDF). Palgrave Macmillan. 11 April 2012. Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 October 2012.
  63. ^ Jowit, Juliette (19 August 2012). "Treasury considers bid to boost employment with tax-free 'mini-jobs'". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 11 November 2020. Retrieved 8 September 2012.
  64. ^ Cooper, Rachel (20 August 2012). "Treasury 'considers tax-free mini-jobs to spur employment'". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 19 June 2022. Retrieved 8 September 2012.
  65. ^ Warrell, Helen; Bryant, Chris (19 August 2012). "Treasury weighs German 'mini jobs' scheme". Financial Times. Archived from the original on 29 October 2012. Retrieved 8 September 2012.
  66. ^ a b McGurran, Deborah (28 March 2012). "Norfolk MP calls for cash for maths". BBC News. Archived from the original on 26 June 2022. Retrieved 30 July 2012.
  67. ^ Coughlan, Sean (21 June 2012). "Maths should be compulsory until 18, says MP report". BBC News. Archived from the original on 24 June 2022. Retrieved 30 July 2012.
  68. ^ Paton, Graeme (15 June 2011). "Comprehensive school pupils 'mis-sold' soft A-level courses". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 25 June 2022. Retrieved 30 July 2012.
  69. ^ McGurran, Deborah (1 December 2011). "Elizabeth Truss in a calculated move on maths". BBC News. Archived from the original on 21 June 2022. Retrieved 30 July 2012.
  70. ^ "Justice committee – membership". UK Parliament. Archived from the original on 21 November 2011. Retrieved 22 March 2011.
  71. ^ "Parliamentary Under Secretary of State for Education and Childcare: Elizabeth Truss MP". UK Government. Archived from the original on 22 February 2014. Retrieved 19 February 2014.
  72. ^ "A-level shake up will 'end the treadmill' of repeated exams". BBC Democracy Live. 23 January 2013. Archived from the original on 7 June 2019. Retrieved 18 February 2013.
  73. ^ Mason, Rowena (15 July 2014). "Liz Truss: strong media personality with big ideas on schooling". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 26 January 2021. Retrieved 19 July 2014.
  74. ^ Howse, Patrick (18 February 2014). "Shanghai visit for minister to learn maths lessons". BBC News. Archived from the original on 25 June 2022. Retrieved 19 July 2014.
  75. ^ Wintour, Patrick; Malik, Shiv (29 January 2013). "Childcare restrictions to be relaxed, minister announces". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 27 October 2020. Retrieved 18 February 2013.
  76. ^ "Parents to have more choice of high quality childcare". Department for Education. 29 January 2013. Archived from the original on 1 February 2013. Retrieved 18 February 2013.
  77. ^ Howard, Richard (29 January 2013). "Coalition promises 'More Great Childcare' amid growing anxiety in the nursery sector". Day Nurseries. Archived from the original on 25 November 2020. Retrieved 18 March 2013.
  78. ^ "College supports childcare changes". Lynn News. 8 February 2013. Archived from the original on 21 April 2013. Retrieved 18 February 2013.
  79. ^ "Childcare plans will hit standards, Labour warns". Channel 4 News. 29 January 2013. Archived from the original on 30 November 2020. Retrieved 18 February 2013.
  80. ^ "Quality of early education must not be sacrificed if we want More Great Childcare says national charity". National Day Nurseries Association (NDNA). 29 January 2013. Archived from the original on 18 October 2014.
  81. ^ Toynbee, Polly (29 January 2013). "How do you fit six toddlers into a buggy? Ask Liz Truss". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 13 May 2019. Retrieved 18 February 2013.
  82. ^ Jowit, Juliette (29 January 2013). "Childcare reform proposals face fierce criticism". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 12 November 2020. Retrieved 18 February 2013.
  83. ^ Stratton, Allegra (8 May 2013). "Nick Clegg 'to block childcare ratio reforms'". BBC News. Archived from the original on 6 August 2022. Retrieved 6 August 2022.
  84. ^ Dominiczak, Peter (6 June 2013). "Childcare reforms would have cost more for families, claims Nick Clegg". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 6 August 2022. Retrieved 6 August 2022.
  85. ^ Morris, Nigel (18 July 2014). "Former Environment Secretary Owen Paterson to deliver keynote speech at climate-sceptic organisation's lecture". The Independent. Archived from the original on 4 April 2015. Retrieved 3 April 2015.
  86. ^ "Environment Secretary Liz Truss says climate change 'is happening'". Western Morning News. 9 January 2015. Archived from the original on 29 September 2015. Retrieved 3 April 2015.
  87. ^ Lowthorpe, Shaun (25 July 2014). "Tokenism, climate change, King's Lynn incinerator, farming and food: Q&A with Environment Secretary and Norfolk MP Elizabeth Truss". Eastern Daily Press. Archived from the original on 29 October 2020. Retrieved 3 April 2015.
  88. ^ "Orders for 16 July 2014" (PDF). Privy Council Office. Archived (PDF) from the original on 25 October 2016. Retrieved 6 September 2022.
  89. ^ O'Dell, Liam. "'Pork markets' meme resurfaces as Liz Truss becomes foreign secretary in reshuffle". indy100. Retrieved 9 September 2022.
  90. ^ Nelson, Alex. "'Pork markets' meme resurfaces as Liz Truss becomes foreign secretary in reshuffle". National World. Retrieved 9 September 2022.
  91. ^ a b Watt, Nicholas (4 November 2014). "Liz Truss: leave lawnmower in the shed to protect UK's bees". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 9 January 2020. Retrieved 10 August 2015.
  92. ^ Carrington, Damian (23 July 2015). "UK suspends ban on pesticides linked to serious harm in bees". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 28 January 2021. Retrieved 10 August 2015.
  93. ^ Carrington, Damian (29 March 2012). "Pesticides linked to honeybee decline". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 31 January 2021. Retrieved 10 August 2015.
  94. ^ "Solar farms are a blight on the landscape, says minister". BBC News. 18 July 2014. Archived from the original on 11 July 2022. Retrieved 3 April 2015.
  95. ^ Western Daily Press (25 September 2014). "Environment Secretary Liz Truss flies the flag for British apples". Western Daily Press. Archived from the original on 4 April 2015. Retrieved 3 April 2015.
  96. ^ "Elizabeth Truss at French food expo selling UK food". BBC News. 27 October 2014. Archived from the original on 7 August 2016. Retrieved 3 April 2015.
  97. ^ Pitel, Laura (12 March 2015). "Cigarettes to be sold in plain packets by 2016". The Times. Archived from the original on 14 April 2016. Retrieved 3 April 2015.
  98. ^ Bowcott, Owen (21 July 2016). "Liz Truss sworn in as first ever female lord chancellor". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 13 October 2020. Retrieved 30 January 2017.
  99. ^ Gibb, Frances (19 July 2016). "Justice minister quits with blast at 'novice' lord chancellor". The Times. Archived from the original on 17 May 2019. Retrieved 19 July 2016.
  100. ^ Riley-Smith, Ben; Dominiczak, Peter (1 October 2016). "Legal firms pursuing troops is outrageous, says Liz Truss". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 25 June 2022. Retrieved 26 December 2016.
  101. ^ Gazette newsdesk (7 November 2016). "Unrepentant Mail demands 'public hearings' for judges as Brexit row escalates". Law Society Gazette. Archived from the original on 24 October 2020. Retrieved 9 November 2016.
  102. ^ Falconer, Charles (25 July 2016). "This row over Liz Truss as Lord Chancellor isn't about gender. It's about the law". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 8 November 2020. Retrieved 26 July 2016.
  103. ^ Elgot, Jessica (10 November 2016). "Liz Truss rebuffs criticism over newspaper attacks on Brexit judges". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 8 November 2020. Retrieved 26 December 2016.
  104. ^ "The bulging intray facing President Trump". The Times. 10 November 2016. Archived from the original on 8 January 2020. Retrieved 26 December 2016.
  105. ^ Bowcott, Owen (22 March 2017). "Lord Chief Justice castigates Liz Truss for failing to defend judges". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 22 March 2017. Retrieved 22 March 2017.
  106. ^ Travis, Alan (27 October 2016). "Prison violence epidemic partly due to staff cuts, MoJ admits". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 16 April 2019. Retrieved 17 November 2016.
  107. ^ Shaw, Danny (3 November 2016). "Prisons to get 'biggest overhaul in a generation'". BBC News. Archived from the original on 10 November 2016. Retrieved 17 November 2016.
  108. ^ Travis, Alan (3 November 2016). "Prisons in England and Wales to get 2,500 extra staff to tackle violence". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 30 September 2019. Retrieved 17 November 2016.
  109. ^ "Liz Truss sacked as Lord Chancellor and demoted". Scottish Legal News. 12 June 2017. Archived from the original on 2 November 2021. Retrieved 25 July 2018.
  110. ^ Coates, Sam (20 March 2018). "Liz Truss, chief secretary to the twittersphere". The Times. Archived from the original on 5 November 2021. Retrieved 25 July 2018.
  111. ^ Truss, Liz (8 May 2018). "How I took back control on Instagram after becoming a cheesy meme". The Times. Archived from the original on 5 November 2021. Retrieved 25 July 2018.
  112. ^ Shipman, Tim (18 March 2018). "Rust Belt Tories to woo millennials in Freer campaign". The Times. Archived from the original on 3 November 2021. Retrieved 25 July 2018.
  113. ^ a b Bush, Stephen (21–27 February 2020). "Boris Johnson may end up defined by his Henry VIII-style search for the perfect chancellor". New Statesman. Archived from the original on 27 July 2022. Retrieved 24 July 2022.
  114. ^ Craig, Jon (26 June 2018). "Liz Truss slams 'macho' male ministers in thinly-veiled attack on Cabinet colleagues". Sky News. Archived from the original on 9 January 2022. Retrieved 26 July 2018.
  115. ^ Elgot, Jessica; Crear, Pippa (27 June 2018). "Liz Truss lambasts colleagues as cabinet divisions grow". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 3 November 2021. Retrieved 26 July 2018.
  116. ^ Rayner, Gordon; Maidment, Jack (20 May 2019). "The Future of the Conservative Party: Dominic Raab proposes 'penny a year' income tax cut as Tory leadership race begins in earnest". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 4 February 2022. Retrieved 11 June 2019.
  117. ^ Elgot, Jessica; Mason, Rowena (4 June 2019). "Conservatives slash timetable for leadership contest". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 9 June 2022. Retrieved 11 June 2019.
  118. ^ Scott, Geraldine (24 July 2019). "Norfolk MP Liz Truss made international trade secretary". Eastern Daily Press. Archived from the original on 24 July 2019. Retrieved 25 July 2019.
  119. ^ "UK minister apologises for Saudi military sales". BBC News. 16 September 2019. Archived from the original on 6 November 2021. Retrieved 17 September 2019.
  120. ^ McGuinness, Alan (17 September 2019). "Liz Truss apologises for 'inadvertent' breaches of ban on Saudi arms sales". Sky News. Archived from the original on 2 November 2021. Retrieved 17 September 2019.
  121. ^ Sabbagh, Dan (26 September 2019). "Truss admits UK breached court order banning arm sales to Saudis again". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Archived from the original on 22 May 2022. Retrieved 26 September 2019.
  122. ^ Weaver, Matthew (17 September 2019). "Liz Truss should resign over illegal Saudi arms sales, say MPs". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 20 November 2021. Retrieved 18 September 2019.
  123. ^ Hope, Christopher (19 March 2020). "Boris Johnson publishes Trade Bill as Government pushes on with Brexit despite coronavirus". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 19 December 2021. Retrieved 16 January 2021.
  124. ^ "Trade Bill 2019–21". UK Parliament. Archived from the original on 24 February 2021. Retrieved 16 January 2021.
  125. ^ Stone, Jon (9 July 2020). "UK government accused of phoning Saudi Arabia to apologise after imposing human rights sanctions". The Independent. Archived from the original on 6 July 2022. Retrieved 21 January 2022.
  126. ^ Chuter, Andrew (7 July 2020). "Britain lifts ban on Saudi weapons exports". Defense News. Retrieved 6 August 2022.
  127. ^ "Liz Truss meetings with hard-Brexit group deleted from public register". The Guardian. Reuters. 20 August 2020. Archived from the original on 5 November 2021. Retrieved 20 August 2020.
  128. ^ Burden, Lizzy (15 August 2020). "Cheese proves to be biggest stumbling block in UK-Japan trade negotiations". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 3 November 2021. Retrieved 18 August 2020.
  129. ^ "UK signs first major post-Brexit trade deal with Japan". BBC News. 11 September 2020. Archived from the original on 15 April 2022. Retrieved 12 September 2020.
  130. ^ "Is the UK's trade deal with Japan better than the EU's?". Full Fact. 30 November 2020. Archived from the original on 7 May 2022. Retrieved 30 November 2020.
  131. ^ Edgington, Tom (21 October 2021). "Brexit: What trade deals has the UK done so far?". BBC News. Archived from the original on 5 August 2022. Retrieved 8 August 2022.
  132. ^ Stone, Jon (18 December 2020). "'Bonkers' Liz Truss speech pulled from government website". The Independent. Archived from the original on 8 July 2022. Retrieved 19 December 2020.
  133. ^ Truss, Liz (17 December 2020). "The new fight for fairness – Liz Truss' speech at the Centre for Policy Studies". CapX. Archived from the original on 9 February 2022. Retrieved 19 December 2020.
  134. ^ Simons, Ned (15 September 2021). "Cabinet Reshuffle: Liz Truss Promoted To Foreign Secretary". HuffPost. Archived from the original on 5 November 2021. Retrieved 15 September 2021.
  135. ^ "Truss: France has made unacceptable threats". BBC News. Archived from the original on 4 November 2021. Retrieved 1 November 2021.
  136. ^ Ferguson, Emily (14 November 2021). "UK must be 'on guard' as crisis erupts between Russia and Eastern Europe, warns Defence chief". iNews. Archived from the original on 13 December 2021. Retrieved 13 December 2021.
  137. ^ "UK foreign minister to visit Saudi Arabia, Qatar". Reuters. 20 October 2021. Archived from the original on 21 January 2022. Retrieved 21 January 2022.
  138. ^ Casalicchio, Emilio (29 November 2021). "UK and Israel target Iran with trade, defense and cyber pact". Politico. Archived from the original on 21 January 2022. Retrieved 21 January 2022.
  139. ^ Cordon, Gavin (2 December 2021). "UK and US urge Russia to draw back from conflict in Ukraine". The Independent. Retrieved 2 December 2021.
  140. ^ "UK calls for ceasefire in Ethiopia conflict". Reuters. 5 November 2021. Archived from the original on 3 September 2022. Retrieved 3 September 2022.
  141. ^ McGuirk, Rod (10 November 2021). "Former leader says sub deal protects US, not Australia". ABC News. Archived from the original on 3 February 2022. Retrieved 2 February 2022.
  142. ^ Hurst, Daniel (24 January 2022). "Former Australian PM Paul Keating criticises Liz Truss over 'demented' China comments". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 8 July 2022. Retrieved 27 January 2022.
  143. ^ "Ministerial appointments: 19 December 2021". UK Government. 19 December 2021. Archived from the original on 28 December 2021. Retrieved 19 December 2021.
  144. ^ Bol, David (30 January 2022). "Ukraine Crisis: Liz Truss says there will be 'nowhere to hide for Putin's oligarchs' with sanctions". The Herald. Archived from the original on 13 February 2022. Retrieved 13 February 2022.
  145. ^ Johnson, Jamie; Parekh, Marcus; Robinson, Matthew; Vasilyeva, Nataliya (2 February 2022). "Ukraine crisis latest: Boris Johnson tells Vladimir Putin that Russian invasion would be a 'tragic miscalculation'". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 31 May 2022. Retrieved 24 February 2022.
  146. ^ Brazell, Emma (31 January 2022). "Liz Truss to miss trip to Ukraine as she tests positive day after Nadhim Zahawi". Metro. Archived from the original on 28 April 2022. Retrieved 1 February 2022.
  147. ^ "Liz Truss warns over Falklands' sovereignty as China backs Argentina's claim". The Independent. 6 February 2022. Archived from the original on 3 September 2022. Retrieved 3 September 2022.
  148. ^ Daly, Patrick (10 February 2022). "Boris Johnson warns of 'dangerous moment' in Ukraine tensions amid 'difficult' Russian meeting for Liz Truss". The Scotsman. Archived from the original on 14 April 2022. Retrieved 10 February 2022.
  149. ^ Philp, Catherine; Parfitt, Tom; Waterfield, Bruno (10 February 2022). "Sergey Lavrov dismisses Liz Truss meeting as 'like talking to a deaf person'". The Times. ISSN 0140-0460. Archived from the original on 19 February 2022. Retrieved 10 February 2022.
  150. ^ Gallardo, Christine (10 February 2022). "British diplomacy gets a frosty reception in Moscow". Politico. Archived from the original on 24 February 2022. Retrieved 11 February 2022.
  151. ^ Soldatkin, Vladimir (10 February 2022). "Russia says facts 'bounce off' Britain's Truss in tense encounter". Reuters. Archived from the original on 22 February 2022. Retrieved 12 February 2022.
  152. ^ Heffer, Greg (10 February 2022). "Russia-Ukraine crisis: Ministers get new powers to sanction Russia after Liz Truss's stormy talks in Moscow with Sergei Lavrov". Sky News. Archived from the original on 24 February 2022. Retrieved 10 February 2022.
  153. ^ Harding, David; James, Liam (22 February 2022). "Putin declares Ukraine regions of Luhansk and Donetsk independent entities in signed decree". The Independent. Archived from the original on 7 April 2022. Retrieved 22 February 2022.
  154. ^ "Liz Truss: UK will announce new sanctions against Russia". Chard and Ilminster News. 22 February 2022. Archived from the original on 22 February 2022. Retrieved 22 February 2022.
  155. ^ Castle, Stephen (27 February 2022). "Britain's top diplomat says she would support people going to fight for Ukraine". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 29 August 2022. Retrieved 29 August 2022.
  156. ^ Sparrow, Andrew (28 February 2022). "Liz Truss criticised for backing Britons who wish to fight in Ukraine". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 5 March 2022. Retrieved 28 February 2022.
  157. ^ "Ukraine conflict: Russia blames Liz Truss and others for nuclear alert". BBC News. 28 February 2022. Archived from the original on 25 April 2022. Retrieved 28 February 2022.
  158. ^ Walker, Peter (28 February 2022). "No 10 distances itself from Truss comments on UK volunteers for Ukraine". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 5 March 2022. Retrieved 28 February 2022.
  159. ^ "Truss: Ukraine-Russia war could last years and be 'beginning of the end for Putin'". City A.M. 27 February 2022. Archived from the original on 3 September 2022. Retrieved 3 September 2022.
  160. ^ "Truss: Ukraine-Russia war could last years and be 'beginning of the end for Putin'". City A.M. 27 February 2022. Archived from the original on 3 September 2022. Retrieved 3 September 2022.
  161. ^ a b Plummer, Katie (16 March 2022). "Liz Truss calls Saudi Arabia an 'ally' but she cannot condone their policies – in less than a minute". The Independent. Archived from the original on 14 May 2022. Retrieved 1 June 2022.
  162. ^ "Liz Truss wants Russian economy pushed 'back to Soviet era', as 60% of Putin war chest frozen". The Independent. 5 April 2022. Archived from the original on 3 September 2022. Retrieved 3 September 2022.
  163. ^ Morris, Sophie (28 April 2022). "Ukraine war: Ben Wallace backs Liz Truss and says Russia should be pushed out of 'the whole of Ukraine' – including Crimea". Sky News. Archived from the original on 25 May 2022. Retrieved 6 May 2022.
  164. ^ Lawler, David (29 April 2022). "U.S. push for Ukraine "win" raises the stakes for Russia". Axios. Archived from the original on 28 June 2022. Retrieved 6 May 2022.
  165. ^ "'Putin is weaponising hunger': Liz Truss blames Russia for food shortages". The Independent. 23 July 2022. Archived from the original on 3 September 2022. Retrieved 3 September 2022.
  166. ^ "Truss: Putin 'holding rest of the world to ransom over gas prices'". The Kyiv Independent. 27 July 2022. Archived from the original on 3 September 2022. Retrieved 3 September 2022.
  167. ^ Walker, Peter (10 July 2022). "Foreign Secretary Liz Truss joins Tory leadership race". BBC News. Archived from the original on 12 July 2022. Retrieved 10 July 2022.
  168. ^ Riley-Smith, Ben (10 July 2022). "Liz Truss launches leadership bid with tax cut challenge to Rishi Sunak". The Telegraph. ISSN 0307-1235. Archived from the original on 12 July 2022. Retrieved 10 July 2022.
  169. ^ "Tory leadership election: full results after round five". The Guardian. 21 July 2022. Archived from the original on 6 August 2022. Retrieved 7 August 2022.
  170. ^ a b "How Liz Truss won the Conservative leadership race". BBC News. 5 September 2022. Archived from the original on 5 September 2022. Retrieved 5 September 2022.
  171. ^ Wingate, Sophie (5 September 2022). "Liz Truss to become UK's third female prime minister". The Independent. Archived from the original on 5 September 2022. Retrieved 5 September 2022.
  172. ^ Foster, Max; Said-Moorhouse, Lauren (31 August 2022). "Queen won't return to London to appoint new British PM, for first time in her reign". CNN. Archived from the original on 2 September 2022. Retrieved 2 September 2022.
  173. ^ "Senior MPs take oath of allegiance to King Charles". BBC News. 10 September 2022. Retrieved 10 September 2022.
  174. ^ "New prime minister – live updates: Cabinet resignations begin as Truss considers top team; Sunak to stay on as MP". Sky News. Archived from the original on 5 September 2022. Retrieved 5 September 2022.
  175. ^ "Close friend Therese Coffey elevated to Liz Truss's second-in-command". The Independent. 6 September 2022. Retrieved 11 September 2022.
  176. ^ "Liz Truss names Thérèse Coffey new UK health chief". POLITICO. 6 September 2022. Retrieved 11 September 2022.
  177. ^ "Therese Coffey: Karaoke-loving Truss ally tasked with sorting out NHS". BBC News. 7 September 2022. Retrieved 11 September 2022.
  178. ^ "New cabinet: Who is in Liz Truss's top team?". BBC News. 7 September 2022. Retrieved 11 September 2022.
  179. ^ "UK's four great offices of state may soon not feature a white man for first time". the Guardian. 5 September 2022. Retrieved 11 September 2022.
  180. ^ Zeffman, Henry. "Great offices of state set to contain no white men". The Times. ISSN 0140-0460. Retrieved 11 September 2022.
  181. ^ Martin, Daniel (6 September 2022). "Liz Truss forms most diverse Cabinet in history with no white males in top jobs". The Telegraph. ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved 11 September 2022.
  182. ^ "What is the energy price cap and how high could bills go?". BBC. 29 September 2022. Retrieved 30 September 2022.
  183. ^ "Energy bills to be capped at £2,500 for typical household". BBC News. 8 September 2022. Retrieved 11 September 2022.
  184. ^ Jill Lawless; Sylvia Hui (8 September 2022). "UK to cap energy prices, end fracking ban to ease crisis". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 9 September 2022.
  185. ^ Cohen, Patricia (28 September 2022). "Pound's Swoon Echoes Declines in British Power, Past and Present". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 30 September 2022.
  186. ^ "Why is sterling falling and what does it mean for the rest of the world?". the Guardian. 26 September 2022. Retrieved 30 September 2022.
  187. ^ Mark Landler; Stephen Castle (20 September 2022). "Prime Minister Liz Truss Pivots From Queen's Funeral to U.K.'s Crises". The New York Times. Retrieved 21 September 2022.
  188. ^ Daniel Martin (20 September 2022). "Liz Truss hints at sweeping tax cuts as she champions economic 'freedom'". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 21 September 2022.
  189. ^ "Prime Minister Liz Truss's speech to the UN General Assembly: 21 September 2022". gov.uk. 22 September 2022. Retrieved 24 September 2022.
  190. ^ Mackinnon, Amy. "Liz Truss, True Believer". Foreign Policy. Archived from the original on 26 October 2021. Retrieved 21 July 2022.
  191. ^ Emilio Casalicchio, Graham Lanktree and Cristina Gallardo (15 September 2021). "Everything you need to know about Liz Truss". Politico. Archived from the original on 10 July 2022. Retrieved 8 December 2021.
  192. ^ "UK foreign secretary praises Saudi Arabia, Oman for efforts to secure release of Briton". Saudi Gazette. 24 April 2022. Archived from the original on 22 June 2022. Retrieved 1 June 2022.
  193. ^ "Liz Truss: As PM, I would consider moving embassy to Jerusalem". The Jerusalem Post. 7 August 2022. Archived from the original on 3 September 2022. Retrieved 3 September 2022.
  194. ^ Hawk claim:
    • Landler, Mark (5 September 2022). "A Hawkish Diplomat Takes Control, Facing Hard Times and Johnson's Ghost". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 6 September 2022. Retrieved 6 September 2022.
    • "Hawkish Truss faces credibility test over Northern Ireland, EU". France 24. 5 September 2022. Archived from the original on 6 September 2022. Retrieved 6 September 2022.
    • Lawler, Dave (5 September 2022). "Liz Truss wins race to replace Boris Johnson as U.K. prime minister". Axios. Archived from the original on 5 September 2022. Retrieved 6 September 2022.
    • "Liz Truss: The urgency of relations with Europe". BBC News. 5 September 2022. Archived from the original on 6 September 2022. Retrieved 6 September 2022.
    • Bray, Chad (4 September 2022). "Will Truss live up to hawkish language on China as British prime minister?". South China Morning Post. Archived from the original on 6 September 2022. Retrieved 6 September 2022.
    • Mitter, Rana (6 September 2022). "UK's Truss likely to pick a fight with China". Asia Times. Archived from the original on 6 September 2022. Retrieved 6 September 2022.
  195. ^ "Liz Truss summons Chinese ambassador over 'escalation' in Taiwan". 10 August 2022. Archived from the original on 10 August 2022. Retrieved 10 August 2022.
  196. ^ "Liz Truss summons Chinese ambassador over aggression towards Taiwan". The Guardian. 10 August 2022. Archived from the original on 10 August 2022. Retrieved 10 August 2022.
  197. ^ "Liz Truss Is Ready to Flex London's Muscles Abroad". Foreign Policy. 10 August 2022. Archived from the original on 21 August 2022. Retrieved 3 September 2022.
  198. ^ "Tory leadership: Liz Truss says she will not visit Taiwan if elected prime minister". The Independent. 4 August 2022. Archived from the original on 3 September 2022. Retrieved 3 September 2022.
  199. ^ "Important we make sure Taiwan can defend itself, UK's Truss says". Reuters.
  200. ^ "New British PM Truss brings tougher UK stance on China". Reuters.
  201. ^ "Liz Truss and Foreign Office split over policy on China and Uighurs". The Guardian. 23 December 2020.
  202. ^ "Liz Truss pulls no punches about 'genocide' of Uighurs by China". The Times. 1 November 2021.
  203. ^ "British foreign secretary visits Türkiye, discusses 'deepening cooperation'". TRT World. 23 June 2022. Archived from the original on 25 June 2022. Retrieved 3 September 2022.
  204. ^ "Britain's leadership rivals, Truss and Sunak pledge support for Cyprus". Cyprus Mail. 10 August 2022. Archived from the original on 11 August 2022. Retrieved 3 September 2022.
  205. ^ Nicholas Cecil (16 June 2016). "EU referendum: Liz Truss leads female ministers' drive for women to vote In". Evening Standard. Archived from the original on 28 June 2022. Retrieved 21 December 2021.
  206. ^ Agnes Chambre (11 October 2017). "Liz Truss says she would now back Brexit". Politics Home. Archived from the original on 5 November 2021. Retrieved 8 December 2021.
  207. ^ a b Pickard, Jim (21 July 2022). "Liz Truss attacks Rishi Sunak's economic record in bruising fight to be PM". Financial Times. Archived from the original on 26 July 2022. Retrieved 6 September 2022.
  208. ^ Piper, Elizabeth; Macaskill, Andrew (5 September 2022). "Britain's new PM, Truss won support with her tough image". Reuters. Archived from the original on 5 September 2022. Retrieved 6 September 2022.
  209. ^ Rowena Mason, Jessica Elgot and Aubrey Allegretti (3 October 2021). "Conservatives take aim at cancel culture and 'woke aggression'". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 12 April 2022. Retrieved 8 December 2021.
  210. ^ Geraldine Scott (8 December 2021). "Truss: Britain must embrace 'warts and all' history of Empire". The Independent. Archived from the original on 9 July 2022. Retrieved 8 December 2021.
  211. ^ "Where does Liz Truss stand on women's issues?". The Independent. 7 September 2022. Retrieved 8 September 2022.
  212. ^ "What are the UK Prime Minister hopefuls' stances on LGBTQ+ rights?". news.trust.org. Archived from the original on 21 July 2022. Retrieved 21 July 2022.
  213. ^ Diver, Tony (3 October 2021). "Transgender people should not have right to self-identify without medical checks, Liz Truss says". The Sunday Telegraph. Archived from the original on 30 July 2022.
  214. ^ Courea, Eleni (31 May 2021). "Liz Truss urges official withdrawal from Stonewall diversity scheme". The Times. Archived from the original on 1 June 2021.
  215. ^ Chaplain, Chloe (21 February 2022). "Government 'has no interest' in banning trans people from single-sex toilets, Liz Truss says". i. Archived from the original on 30 July 2022.
  216. ^ "Conservative Environment Pledge". Conservative Environment Network. 2022. Archived from the original on 30 August 2022. Retrieved 20 August 2022.
  217. ^ a b Helena Horton (15 July 2022). "Tory hopefuls Sunak, Mordaunt, Truss and Tugendhat commit to net zero". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 15 August 2022. Retrieved 15 August 2022.
  218. ^ Emma Gatten (15 August 2022). "Households should be told to turn down their boilers to save on energy bills". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 27 August 2022. Retrieved 30 August 2022.
  219. ^ "UK becomes first major economy to pass net zero emissions law". GOV.UK. Crown copyright. 27 June 2019. Archived from the original on 15 August 2022. Retrieved 15 August 2022.
  220. ^ Nick Gutteridge (15 August 2022). "Policy watch: Where Liz Truss and Rishi Sunak stand on the key issues". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 15 August 2022. Retrieved 15 August 2022.
  221. ^ Jessica Elgot; Peter Walker (8 September 2022). "Liz Truss to freeze energy bills at £2,500 a year average, funded by borrowing". The Guardian. Retrieved 8 September 2022.
  222. ^ Ben Riley-Smith; Gareth Davies (8 September 2022). "Key points: Liz Truss reveals plan to tackle energy crisis". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 8 September 2022.
  223. ^ a b Ben Riley Smith (19 August 2022). "Liz Truss plans to scrap environmental rule blamed for slowing down new homes". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 29 August 2022. Retrieved 29 August 2022.
  224. ^ "Nutrient pollution: reducing the impact on protected sites". Crown Copyright. 16 March 2022. Archived from the original on 16 March 2022. Retrieved 29 August 2020.
  225. ^ a b George Grylls (30 August 2022). "Tories rush to drill for more oil in North Sea". The Times. Archived from the original on 2 September 2022. Retrieved 3 September 2022.
  226. ^ Nick Gutteridge (30 August 2022). "Liz Truss set to ramp up more North Sea drilling if she becomes prime minister". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 3 September 2022. Retrieved 3 September 2022.
  227. ^ a b Rob Davies (30 August 2022). "Liz Truss 'will approve more oil drilling if she becomes PM'". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 3 September 2022. Retrieved 3 September 2022.
  228. ^ a b Gareth Davies; Ben Riley-Smith (8 September 2022). "Fracking sites span Tory seats across red wall". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 8 September 2022.
  229. ^ Aubrey Allegretti (8 September 2022). "Lifting of fracking ban not miracle solution, minister admits". The Guardian. Retrieved 8 September 2022.
  230. ^ "Government ends support for fracking". GOV.UK. Crown copyright. 2 November 2019. Archived from the original on 1 September 2022. Retrieved 13 August 2022.
  231. ^ "Preston New Road – PNR 1Z – Hydraulic Fracturing Operations Data". North Sea Transition Authority. 2019. Archived from the original on 13 August 2022. Retrieved 13 August 2022.
  232. ^ a b Peter Walker (11 August 2022). "Truss tax plans could put millions at risk of 'real destitution', says Sunak". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 14 August 2022. Retrieved 14 August 2022.
  233. ^ Harry Cockburn (4 August 2022). "Truss and Sunak 'competing to propose stupidest and most dangerous climate policies'". The Independent. Archived from the original on 16 August 2022. Retrieved 16 August 2022.
  234. ^ Ben Riley-Smith (22 October 2021). "Liz Truss: Britain cannot be dependent on China". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 13 July 2022. Retrieved 16 August 2022.
  235. ^ "UK hydrogen strategy". GOV.UK. Crown Copyright. 17 August 2021. Retrieved 10 September 2022.
  236. ^ Catherine Moore (8 September 2022). "Truss backs nuclear and renewables in bid to solve energy crisis". New Civil Engineer. Retrieved 10 September 2022.
  237. ^ "Ryze Hydrogen Press Release". Ryze Hydrogen. 3 March 2022. Retrieved 10 September 2022.
  238. ^ Jillian Ambrose (17 August 2021). "Government reveals plans for £4bn hydrogen investment by 2030". The Guardian. Retrieved 10 September 2022.
  239. ^ "Truss announces major investment in clean infrastructure in Asia". Crown copyright. 2 November 2021. Archived from the original on 10 August 2022. Retrieved 4 September 2022.
  240. ^ "G7 Foreign and Development Ministers' Meeting, December 2021: Chair's statement" (PDF). Crown copyright. 12 December 2021. Archived (PDF) from the original on 14 December 2021. Retrieved 4 September 2022.
  241. ^ a b Thornton, Ed (9 September 2022). "Bishop and parish priest of Liz Truss remind her of Christian values". Church Times. Ms Truss would have fond memories of St Alfege’s, since it was where she and her husband, Hugh O’Leary, an accountant, were married in 2000. The marriage was reportedly solemnised by her uncle, Canon Richard Truss, a former Vicar of St John’s, Waterloo, in London, who is now a retired priest with permission to officiate in the diocese of Southwark.
  242. ^ a b McSmith, Andy (25 July 2014). "A political affair: We profile cabinet minister Liz Truss". Belfast Telegraph. Archived from the original on 4 November 2016.
  243. ^ "Tory candidate Elizabeth Truss faces deselection vote in two weeks over affair". The Guardian. 5 November 2009. Archived from the original on 17 July 2022.
  244. ^ Hatton, Ben; Wheeler, Richard (2 August 2022). "Nicola Sturgeon is an 'attention seeker' best ignored, claims Liz Truss". PA Media. Archived from the original on 5 August 2022.

External links

Liz Truss at Wikipedia's sister projects
  • Media from Commons
  • News from Wikinews
  • Quotations from Wikiquote
  • Data from Wikidata
Offices and distinctions
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by Member of Parliament
for South West Norfolk

2010–present
Incumbent
Political offices
Preceded by Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Childcare and Education
2012–2014
Succeeded by
Preceded by Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs
2014–2016
Succeeded by
Preceded by Secretary of State for Justice
2016–2017
Succeeded by
Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain
2016–2017
Preceded by Chief Secretary to the Treasury
2017–2019
Succeeded by
Preceded by Secretary of State for International Trade
2019–2021
Succeeded by
President of the Board of Trade
2019–2021
Preceded by Minister for Women and Equalities
2019–2022
Succeeded byas Minister for Equalities
Preceded by Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs
2021–2022
Succeeded by
Preceded by Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
2022–present
Incumbent
Minister for the Civil Service
2022–present
First Lord of the Treasury
2022–present
Minister for the Union
2022–present
Party political offices
Preceded by Leader of the Conservative Party
2022–present
Incumbent
Order of precedence in England and Wales
Preceded by Ladies
as Prime Minister
Succeeded by
Order of precedence in Scotland
Preceded by Ladies
as Prime Minister
Succeeded by
Order of precedence in Northern Ireland
Preceded by Ladies
as Prime Minister
Succeeded by
  • v
  • t
  • e
Liz Truss
Premiership
Truss ministry
Liz Truss official portrait (cropped)2.jpg

Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (HM Government).svg
Previous Offices
Family
Books
  • v
  • t
  • e
 Great Britain
Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (HM Government).svg
 United Kingdom
  • Category
  • v
  • t
  • e
House of Commons
House of Lords
Scottish Parliament
Senedd
Northern Ireland Assembly
Minor parties
  • v
  • t
  • e
  • v
  • t
  • e
Cabinet of David Cameron (2010–2016)
Prime Minister, Deputy Prime Minister and Secretaries of State
Prime Minister
First Lord of the Treasury
Minister for the Civil Service
Deputy Prime Minister
Chancellor of the Exchequer
Second Lord of the Treasury
Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs
Secretary of State for the Home Department
Secretary of State for Justice
Lord Chancellor
Secretary of State for Defence
Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills
Secretary of State for Work and Pensions
Secretary of State for Energy and Climate Change
Secretary of State for Health
Secretary of State for Education
Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government
Secretary of State for Transport
Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs
Secretary of State for International Development
Secretary of State for Northern Ireland
Secretary of State for Scotland
Secretary of State for Wales
Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport
Cabinet members not heading a ministry
Minister for the Cabinet Office
Paymaster General
Minister of State for Policy
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
Minister of State for Universities and Science
Leader of the House of Commons
Chief Whip in the House of Commons
Parliamentary Secretary to the Treasury
Leader of the House of Lords
Chief Secretary to the Treasury
Minister without Portfolio
Attorney General for England and Wales
Advocate General for Northern Ireland
Minister for Women and Equalities
Minister of State for Employment
Lord Privy Seal
  • v
  • t
  • e
Johnson Cabinets
First Johnson Cabinet (July–December 2019)
Cabinet members
Government Coat of Arms.
Also attended meetings
Departures
Second Johnson Cabinet (December 2019–September 2022)
Cabinet members
Government Coat of Arms.
Also attend meetings
  • Nigel Adams
  • Suella Braverman
  • Simon Clarke
  • Michael Ellis
  • Chris Heaton-Harris
  • Johnny Mercer
  • Mark Spencer
  • Andrew Stephenson
  • Departures
    • v
    • t
    • e
     Great Britain
    Speaker of the House of Lords
    Head of the Judiciary in England and Wales
    Member of the Cabinet
    Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (HM Government).svg
     United Kingdom
    Speaker of the House of Lords
    Head of the Judiciary in England and Wales
    Member of the Cabinet
    Secretary of State for Constitutional Affairs
    2003–2007
    Secretary of State for Justice
    2007–present
    • v
    • t
    • e
    Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (HM Government).svg
    • v
    • t
    • e
    Minister for Women
    1997–2007
    Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (HM Government).svg
    Minister for Women and Equality
    2007–2010
    Minister for Women and Equalities
    2010–2014, 2014–2016
    Minister for Women
    2014
    Minister for Equalities
    2014, 2022–present
    Minister for Women and Equalities
    2017–2022
    • v
    • t
    • e
    Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs
    Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (HM Government).svg
    Secretary of State for Foreign
    and Commonwealth Affairs
    Secretary of State for Foreign,
    Commonwealth and Development Affairs
    • Category:British Secretaries of State
    • Portal:United Kingdom
    • v
    • t
    • e
    Member countries
    G7
    G8
    Representative
    G8+5
    Current politicians
    Leaders
    Foreign ministers
    Finance ministers
    Defence ministers
    Justice ministers
    Interior ministers
    Central bank governors
    Summits
    Agreements
    Lists
    See also
    • Category
    • Multimedia
    • v
    • t
    • e
    Conservative and Unionist Party
    History
    Organisations
    Topics
    Leadership
    House of Lords
    (1828–1922)
    House of Commons
    (1834–1922)
    Leaders (1922–)
    Chairmen (1911–)
    See also
    Leadership elections
    Party structure
    Professional
    Voluntary
    Parliamentary
    Conference
    • Conservative Party Conference
    Subnational
    Directly elected city mayoral authorities
    Local
    Associated organisations
    List
    • Organisations associated with the Conservative Party
    Sectional groups
    Factional groups
    Politicians
    • List of MPs
      • 2005–2010
      • 2010–2015
    • London
    Think tanks
    Party alliances
    Current
    Former
     Conservatism portal flag United Kingdom portal
    • v
    • t
    • e
    Leaders of the Conservatives
    House of Lords (1828–1922)
    House of Commons (1834–1922)
    Overall Leader (1922–)
    • v
    • t
    • e
    Conservative Party (UK) Members of Parliament
    Truss
    • v
    • t
    • e
    2022 Conservative Party leadership election
    Outgoing Leader: Boris Johnson
    • Endorsements
    * Withdrew before first ballot
    Portals:
     Biographyicon Politics Conservatismflag United Kingdom
    Authority control Edit this at Wikidata
    General
    • ISNI
      • 1
    • VIAF
      • 1
    • WorldCat
    National libraries
    • Germany
    • United States
    • Poland
    Other
    • SUDOC (France)
      • 1
    • UK Parliament