Order of precedence in England and Wales

Sequential hierarchy of nominal importance of people in England and Wales

Royal family of
the United Kingdom and the
other Commonwealth realms 22
Badge of the House of Windsor


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Orders of precedence

Argentina

Australia

Bangladesh

Barbados

Belgium

Brazil

Brunei

Canada

Alberta
British Columbia
Manitoba
New Brunswick
Nova Scotia
Ontario
Prince Edward Island
Quebec
Saskatchewan
Yukon

Chile

China

Hong Kong

Colombia

Denmark

European Union

Finland

France

Germany

Greece

Guatemala

Holy See

India

Indonesia

Ireland

Ireland (1897–1922) (hist.)

Israel

Italy

Japan

Jamaica

Lithuania

Malaysia

Johor
Kedah
Kelantan
Malacca
Negeri Sembilan
Pahang
Penang
Perak
Perlis
Sabah
Sarawak
Selangor
Terengganu

Malta

New Zealand

Nepal

Norway

Pakistan

Poland

Herb Rzeczpospolitej Obojga Narodow (Alex K).svg Poland-Lithuania (hist.)

Portugal

Philippines

Romania

Russia

South Africa

South Korea

Spain

Sri Lanka

Singapore

Sweden

Switzerland

Thailand

Turkey

United Kingdom

England and Wales
Scotland
Northern Ireland
Isle of Man
United States
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The following is the order of precedence in England and Wales as of September 2022. Separate orders exist for gentlemen and ladies.

Names in italics indicate that these people rank elsewhere—either higher in that table of precedence or in the table for the other sex. Titles in italics indicate the same thing for their holders, or that they are vacant.

Peers and their families make up a large part of these tables. It is possible for a peer to hold more than one title of nobility, and these may belong to different ranks and peerages. A peer derives his precedence from his highest-ranking title; peeresses derive their precedence in the same way, whether they hold their highest-ranking title in their own right or by marriage. The ranks in the tables refer to peers rather than titles: if exceptions are named for a rank, these do not include peers of a higher rank (or any peers at all, in the case of baronets). No exceptions are named for most categories, owing to their large size.

Men

Royalty, archbishops, et al.

Royal family

Precedence is accorded to spouses, children and grandchildren of the reigning sovereign, as well as children and grandchildren of former sovereigns.

Title Holder Ref
The Sovereign (regardless of gender) HM The King
Sons of the Sovereign HRH The Prince of Wales [1]
HRH The Duke of Sussex
Royal grandsons of the Sovereign HRH Prince George of Wales [2]
HRH Prince Louis of Wales
Archie Mountbatten-Windsor[3]
Brothers of the Sovereign HRH The Duke of York [1][4]
HRH The Earl of Wessex
Royal uncles of the Sovereign None at present [1]
Royal nephews of the Sovereign Viscount Severn[5] [1]
Peter Phillips
Royal grandsons of former
Sovereigns who are Dukes
HRH The Duke of Gloucester [4]
HRH The Duke of Kent
Royal grandsons of former
Sovereigns who are not Dukes
The Rt. Hon. The Earl of Snowdon
HRH Prince Michael of Kent

Archbishops, High Officers of State, et al.

Title Holder Ref
The Vicegerent in Spirituals None; vacant since 1540 [6][7]
The Archbishop of Canterbury The Most Rev. and Rt. Hon. Justin Welby [6]
The Lord High Steward None; ceremonial and only appointed for coronations [nb 1]
The Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain The Rt. Hon. Brandon Lewis, MP [7]
The Archbishop of York The Most Rev. and Rt. Hon. Stephen Cottrell [6]
The Prime Minister The Rt. Hon. Liz Truss, MP Office held by a woman [nb 2]
The Lord High Treasurer None; vacant since 1714 [nb 3][7]
The Lord President of the Council The Rt. Hon. Penny Mordaunt, MP Office held by a woman [7]
The Speaker of the House of Commons The Rt. Hon. Sir Lindsay Hoyle, MP [10]
The Lord Speaker of the House of Lords The Rt. Hon. The Lord McFall of Alcluith [nb 4]
The President of the Supreme Court The Rt. Hon. The Lord Reed of Allermuir [13]
The Lord Chief Justice of England and Wales The Rt. Hon. The Lord Burnett of Maldon [14]
The Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal The Rt. Hon. The Lord True [7]
The Ambassadors and High Commissioners to the United Kingdom in order of arrival [nb 5][15]
The Lord Great Chamberlain The Rt. Hon. The Lord Carrington [7]
The Lord High Constable None; ceremonial and only appointed for coronations [nb 6][7]
The Earl Marshal His Grace The Duke of Norfolk [7]
The Lord High Admiral None; status debated [nb 7][7]
The Lord Steward of the Household The Rt. Hon. The Earl of Dalhousie [7]
The Lord Chamberlain of the Household The Rt. Hon. The Lord Parker of Minsmere [7]
The Master of the Horse The Rt. Hon. The Lord de Mauley [nb 8]

Nobility, bishops, et al.

Dukes, et al.

Note Ref
Royal Dukes not grandsons of former Sovereigns None at present [4]
Kingdom of England England Ordered according to date of creation [nb 9]
Kingdom of Scotland Scotland Ordered according to date of creation
Kingdom of Great Britain Great Britain Ordered according to date of creation
Kingdom of Ireland Ireland The 9th Duke of Leinster
United Kingdom United Kingdom Ordered according to date of creation [nb 10]
Eldest sons of Royal Dukes
who are not already ranked higher
Earl of Ulster (son of the Duke of Gloucester)
Earl of St Andrews (son of the Duke of Kent)
Ministers, envoys, and other very important visitors from foreign countries

Marquesses, et al.

Note Ref
Kingdom of England England The 18th Marquess of Winchester
Kingdom of Scotland Scotland Ordered according to date of creation
Kingdom of Great Britain Great Britain Ordered according to date of creation
Kingdom of Ireland Ireland Ordered according to date of creation
United Kingdom United Kingdom Ordered according to date of creation [17]
Eldest sons of Dukes according to the precedence of the peerage holders

Earls, et al.

Note Ref
Kingdom of England England Ordered according to date of creation
Kingdom of Scotland Scotland Ordered according to the Decreet of Ranking of 1606 according to date of creation [nb 11]
[nb 12]
Kingdom of Great Britain Great Britain Ordered according to date of creation
Kingdom of Ireland Ireland Ordered according to date of creation
United Kingdom United Kingdom Ordered according to date of creation [nb 13]
[18]
Younger sons of Royal Dukes
who are not already ranked higher
Lord Nicholas Windsor (second son of the Duke of Kent)
Eldest sons of Marquesses according to the precedence of the peerage holders
Younger sons of Dukes according to the precedence of the peerage holders

Viscounts, et al.

Note Ref
Kingdom of England England The 19th Viscount Hereford
Kingdom of Scotland Scotland Ordered according to date of creation
Kingdom of Great Britain Great Britain Ordered according to date of creation
Kingdom of Ireland Ireland Ordered according to date of creation
United Kingdom United Kingdom Ordered according to date of creation [19]
Eldest sons of Earls according to the precedence of the peerage holders [nb 14]
Lord Frederick Windsor (only son of Prince Michael of Kent) [4]
Younger sons of Marquesses ordered according to the precedence of the peerage holders

Bishops

Title Holder Ref
Diocesan Bishops with seats in the House of Lords - ex officio The Bishop of London The Rt. Rev. and Rt. Hon. Dame Sarah Mullally Office held by a woman [20]
The Bishop of Durham The Rt. Rev. Paul Butler
The Bishop of Winchester None; vacant since 2022
Other Diocesan Bishops with seats in the House of Lords ordered according to seniority of confirmation of election [nb 15]
Other Diocesan Bishops ordered according to seniority of confirmation of election
Suffragan bishops ordered according to seniority of consecration
Retired Church of England diocesan archbishops and bishops ordered according to original date of confirmation of election

Barons/Lords of Parliament

Order of precedence Notes
Secretaries of State
Being of the degree of a Baron
None at present
Kingdom of England England Ordered according to date of creation
Kingdom of Scotland Scotland Ordered according to date of creation
Kingdom of Great Britain Great Britain Ordered according to date of creation [nb 16]
Kingdom of Ireland Ireland Ordered according to date of creation
United Kingdom United Kingdom Ordered according to date of creation [nb 17]
[nb 18]
[nb 19]
[nb 20]
[nb 21]
[nb 22]
[nb 23]
[21]

Gentry, et al.

Master of the Rolls and Supreme Court Justices

Title Holder Ref
The Master of the Rolls The Rt. Hon. Sir Geoffrey Vos [14]
The Deputy President of the Supreme Court The Rt. Hon. Lord Hodge [13]
Justices of the Supreme Court The Rt. Hon. Lord Lloyd-Jones [13][nb 24]
The Rt. Hon. Lord Briggs of Westbourne
The Rt. Hon. Lord Kitchin
The Rt. Hon. Lord Sales
The Rt. Hon. Lord Hamblen of Kersey
The Rt. Hon. Lord Leggatt
The Rt. Hon. Lord Burrows
The Rt. Hon. Lord Stephens of Creevyloughgare

Royal Household officials

Title Holder Ref
The Lords Commissioners of the Great Seal None; last appointed in 1850 [4]
The Treasurer of the Household Craig Whittaker, MP
The Comptroller of the Household Rebecca Harris, MP Office held by a woman
The Vice-Chamberlain of the Household Jo Churchill, MP Office held by a woman

Cabinet, et al.

Department Holder
Secretaries of State
Under the degree of a Baron
for Justice The Rt. Hon. Brandon Lewis, MP[24]
for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs The Rt. Hon. James Cleverly, MP
for Defence The Rt. Hon. Ben Wallace, MP
for Levelling Up, Housing and Communities The Rt. Hon. Simon Clarke, MP
for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy The Rt. Hon. Jacob Rees-Mogg, MP
for Education The Rt. Hon. Kit Malthouse, MP
for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs The Rt. Hon. Ranil Jayawardena, MP
for Northern Ireland The Rt. Hon. Chris Heaton-Harris, MP
for Scotland The Rt. Hon. Alister Jack, MP
for Wales The Rt. Hon. Robert Buckland, MP
Eldest sons of Viscounts according to the precedence of the peerage holders
Younger sons of Earls according to the precedence of the peerage holders
Eldest sons of Barons according to the precedence of the peerage holders

The Prime Minister determines the order of precedence for Secretaries of State as part of the ministerial ranking (also known as the order of precedence in Cabinet).

Knights of the Garter and Knights of the Thistle

Order Post-nominal letters Holder Ref
Knights of the Garter KG Sir John Major [25]
Sir Thomas Dunne
Sir David Brewer
Sir Tony Blair
Knights of the Thistle KT Sir Ian Wood
Sir George Reid
Knights of St Patrick KP None; order dormant [nb 25]

Privy Counsellors, et al.

Privy Counsellors Holder Ref
Privy Counsellors (PC) Ordered according to date of oath-taking [nb 26]
The Chancellor of the Order of the Garter His Grace The Duke of Abercorn [26]
The Chancellor of the Exchequer The Rt. Hon. Kwasi Kwarteng, MP [27]
The Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster The Rt. Hon. Nadhim Zahawi, MP [27]

Senior judges, et al.

Holder Ref
The Senior Judges The President of the King's Bench Division The Rt. Hon. Dame Victoria Sharp Office held by a woman [nb 27][29][27]
The President of the Family Division The Rt. Hon. Sir Andrew McFarlane [27]
The Chancellor of the High Court The Rt. Hon. Sir Julian Flaux [27]
The Lords Justices of Appeal Ordered according to seniority of appointment [30]
The Judges of the High Court Ordered according to seniority of appointment [31]
Younger sons of Viscounts according to the precedence of the peerage holders
Younger sons of Barons according to the precedence of the peerage holders
All sons of Life Peers according to the precedence of the peerage holders [nb 28]

Baronets

Post-nominal letters Ref
Baronets Bt [nb 29]

Knights

Level Order Post-nominal letters Ref
Knights Grand Cross Knights Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath GCB
Knights Grand Commander of the Order of the Star of India GCSI [nb 30]
Knights Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George GCMG
Knights Grand Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire GCIE [nb 30]
Knights Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order GCVO
Knights Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire GBE
Knights Commander Knights Commander of the Order of the Bath KCB
Knights Commander of the Order of the Star of India KCSI [nb 31]
Knights Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George KCMG
Knights Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire KCIE [nb 32]
Knights Commander of the Royal Victorian Order KCVO
Knights Commander of the Order of the British Empire KBE
Knights Bachelor Kt [nb 33]

Lower level judges, et al.

Title Holder Ref
The Vice-Chancellor of the County Palatine of Lancaster The Rt. Hon. Timothy Fancourt, KC [34]
The Recorder of London Mark Lucraft
The Recorders of Liverpool and Manchester [35]
The Recorder of Liverpool His Honour Andrew Menary, KC [36]
The Recorder of Manchester His Honour Nicholas Dean, KC [37]
The Common Serjeant of London His Honour Richard Marks, KC [38]
The Circuit Judges

Other lower ranks, including esquires and gentlemen

Companions, commanders, lieutenants and officers of various orders

Order Post-nominal letters Ref
Companions of the Order of the Bath CB
Companions of the Order of the Star of India CSI [nb 34]
Companions of the Order of St Michael and St George CMG
Companions of the Order of the Indian Empire CIE [nb 35]
Commanders of the Royal Victorian Order CVO
Commanders of the Order of the British Empire CBE
Companions of the Distinguished Service Order DSO
Lieutenants of the Royal Victorian Order LVO
Officers of the Order of the British Empire OBE
Companions of the Imperial Service Order ISO

Eldest sons of various grades

Note Ref
Eldest sons of younger sons of hereditary peers in their own right Ordered according to the precedence of the peerage holders
Eldest sons of baronets Ordered according to the precedence of the baronets
Eldest sons of knights Ordered according to the precedence of the knights

Members of various orders

Order Post-nominal letters Ref
Members of the Royal Victorian Order MVO
Members of the Order of the British Empire MBE

Younger sons of various grades

Note Ref
Younger sons of baronets Ordered according to the precedence of the baronets
Younger sons of knights Ordered according to the precedence of the knights

Women

Royal Family

The order of precedence accorded to women of the royal family:

Title Holder
The Queen Consort HM The Queen Consort
Daughters-in-law of the Sovereign HRH The Princess of Wales
HRH The Duchess of Sussex
Daughters of the Sovereign None at present
Wives of royal grandsons of the Sovereign None at present
Royal Granddaughters of the Sovereign Princess Charlotte of Wales
Lilibet Mountbatten-Windsor[39]
Sisters-in-law of the Sovereign HRH The Countess of Wessex
Sisters of the Sovereign HRH The Princess Royal
Wives of royal uncles of the Sovereign None at present
Royal aunts of the Sovereign None at present
Wives of royal nephews of the Sovereign None at present
Royal nieces of the Sovereign HRH Princess Beatrice, Mrs Edoardo Mapelli Mozzi
HRH Princess Eugenie, Mrs Jack Brooksbank
Lady Louise Mountbatten-Windsor[40]
Zara Tindall
Wives of royal grandsons of former
Sovereigns who are Dukes
HRH The Duchess of Gloucester
HRH The Duchess of Kent
Wives of royal grandsons of former
Sovereigns who are not Dukes
HRH Princess Michael of Kent
Royal granddaughters of former Sovereigns Lady Sarah Chatto
HRH Princess Alexandra, The Hon. Lady Ogilvy

High Officers of State, et al.

Title Holder Ref
The Prime Minister The Rt. Hon. Liz Truss, MP
The Lord President of the Council The Rt. Hon. Penny Mordaunt, MP
The Ambassadors and High Commissioners to the United Kingdom in order of arrival

Nobility and bishops

Duchesses, et al.

Note Ref
Kingdom of England England Ordered according to date of creation
Kingdom of Scotland Scotland Ordered according to date of creation
Kingdom of Great Britain Great Britain Ordered according to date of creation
Kingdom of Ireland Ireland The Duchess of Leinster
United Kingdom United Kingdom Ordered according to date of creation
Wives of eldest sons of Royal Dukes Countess of Ulster (wife of Earl of Ulster)
Countess of St Andrews (wife of Earl of St Andrews)
Daughters of Royal Dukes Lady Davina Lewis (elder daughter of the Duke of Gloucester)
Lady Rose Gilman (younger daughter of the Duke of Gloucester)
Lady Helen Taylor (only daughter of the Duke of Kent)
Ministers, envoys, and other very important visitors from foreign countries

Marchionesses, et al.

Note Ref
Kingdom of England England The Marchionesses of Winchester
Kingdom of Scotland Scotland Ordered according to date of creation
Kingdom of Great Britain Great Britain Ordered according to date of creation
Kingdom of Ireland Ireland Ordered according to date of creation
United Kingdom United Kingdom Ordered according to date of creation
Wives of the eldest sons of Dukes according to the precedence of the peerage holders
Daughters of Dukes not married to peers

Countesses, et al.

Note Ref
Kingdom of England England Ordered according to date of creation
Kingdom of Scotland Scotland Ordered according to the Decreet of Ranking of 1606 according to date of creation
Kingdom of Great Britain Great Britain Ordered according to date of creation
Kingdom of Ireland Ireland Ordered according to date of creation
United Kingdom United Kingdom Ordered according to date of creation
Wives of younger sons of Royal Dukes
who are not already ranked higher
Lady Nicholas Windsor
Wives of eldest sons of Marquesses according to the precedence of the peerage holders
Daughters of Marquesses not married to peers
Wives of younger sons of Dukes according to the precedence of the peerage holders

Viscountesses, et al.

Note Ref
Kingdom of England England The Viscountess Hereford
Kingdom of Scotland Scotland Ordered according to date of creation
Kingdom of Great Britain Great Britain Ordered according to date of creation
Kingdom of Ireland Ireland Ordered according to date of creation
United Kingdom United Kingdom Ordered according to date of creation
Wives of eldest sons of Earls according to the precedence of the peerage holders
Daughters of Earls not married to peers [41]
Wives of younger sons of Marquesses ordered according to the precedence of the peerage holders

Female bishops

Title Holder Ref
Female Diocesan Bishops with seats in the House of Lords - ex officio The Bishop of London The Rt. Rev. and Rt. Hon. Dame Sarah Mullally [20]
Other Female Diocesan Bishops with seats in the House of Lords ordered according to seniority of confirmation of election [nb 15]
Other Female Diocesan Bishops ordered according to seniority of confirmation of election
Female Suffragan bishops ordered according to seniority of consecration
Retired Female Church of England diocesan archbishops and bishops
ordered according to original date of confirmation of election

Baronesses

Note Ref
Secretaries of State
Being of the degree of a Baroness
None at present
Kingdom of England England Ordered according to date of creation
Kingdom of Scotland Scotland Ordered according to date of creation
Kingdom of Great Britain Great Britain Ordered according to date of creation
Kingdom of Ireland Ireland Ordered according to date of creation
United Kingdom United Kingdom Ordered according to date of creation [nb 17]

Gentry, et al.

Supreme Court Justices

Title Holder Ref
Justices of the Supreme Court The Rt. Hon. Lady Rose of Colmworth

Royal Household officials

Title Holder Ref
The Comptroller of the Household Rebecca Harris, MP
The Vice-Chamberlain of the Household Jo Churchill, MP

Cabinet, et al.

Department Holder
Secretaries of State
Under the degree of a Baroness
for the Home Department The Rt. Hon. Suella Braverman MP
for Health and Social Care The Rt. Hon. Thérèse Coffey MP
for International Trade The Rt. Hon. Kemi Badenoch, MP
for Work and Pensions The Rt. Hon. Chloe Smith, MP
for Transport The Rt. Hon. Anne-Marie Trevelyan, MP
for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport The Rt. Hon. Michelle Donelan MP
Wives of Viscounts' eldest sons
Daughters of Viscounts not married to peers
Wives of younger sons of Earls
Wives of eldest sons of Barons
Daughters of Barons not married to peers

The Prime Minister determines the order of precedence for Secretaries of State as part of the ministerial ranking (also known as the order of precedence in Cabinet).

Ladies and dames, et al.

Ladies of the Garter and Ladies of the Thistle

Order Post-nominal letters Holder Ref
Ladies of the Garter LG Lady Mary Fagan [25]
Lady Mary Peters
Ladies of the Thistle LT None at present [25]

Wives of Knights of the Garter

Wife Husband who is/was member Ref
Lady (June) Hilary Sir Edmund Hillary [42] [25]
Lady (Jennifer) Acland Sir Antony Acland
Lady (Norma) Major Sir John Major [nb 36]
Lady (Henrietta) Dunne Sir Thomas Dunne
Lady (Tessa) Brewer Sir David Brewer
Lady (Cherie) Blair Sir Tony Blair

Wives of Knights of the Thistle

Wife Husband who is/was member Ref
Lady (Poppy) Anderson Sir Eric Anderson [25]
Lady (Gillian) Morrison Sir Garth Morrison [43]
Lady (Helen) Wood Sir Ian Wood

Privy Counsellors, et al.

Privy Counsellors Holder Ref
Privy Counsellors (PC) Ordered according to date of oath-taking [nb 26]

Senior judges, et al.

Holder Ref
The President of the King's Bench Division The Rt. Hon. Dame Victoria Sharp [27]
The Lady Justices of Appeal Ordered according to seniority of appointment
The Judges of the High Court Ordered according to seniority of appointment [44]
Wives of younger sons of Viscounts according to the precedence of the peerage holders
Wives of younger sons of Barons according to the precedence of the peerage holders
Baronetesses in their own right None at present [nb 37]
Wives of Baronets

Dames

Level Order Post-nominal letters Ref
Dames Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath GCB
of the Order of St Michael and St George GCMG
of the Royal Victorian Order GCVO
of the Order of the British Empire GBE
Wives of Knights Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath
of Knights Grand Commander of the Order of the Star of India
of Knights Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George
of Knights Grand Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire
of Knights Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order
of Knights Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire
Dames Commander of the Order of the Bath DCB
of the Order of St Michael and St George KCMG
of the Royal Victorian Order DCVO
of the Order of the British Empire DBE [45]
Wives of Knights Commander of the Order of the Bath
of the Order of the Star of India
of the Order of St Michael and St George
of the Order of the Indian Empire
of the Royal Victorian Order
of the Order of the British Empire
Wives of Knights Bachelor

Lower level judges

Title Holder Ref
The Circuit Judges

Members of orders, et al.

  • Companions of orders
    • Companions of the Order of the Bath
    • Companions of the Order of St Michael and St George
    • Commanders of the Royal Victorian Order
    • Commanders of the Order of the British Empire
  • Wives of Companions of the following Orders:
    • Order of the Bath
    • Order of the Star of India
    • Order of St Michael and St George
    • Order of the Indian Empire
    • Royal Victorian Order
    • Order of the British Empire
  • Wives of Companions of the Distinguished Service Order
  • Lieutenants of the Royal Victorian Order
  • Officers of the Order of the British Empire
  • Wives of Lieutenants of the Royal Victorian Order
  • Wives of Officers of the Order of the British Empire
  • Companions of the Imperial Service Order
  • Wives of Companions of the Imperial Service Order

Wives and daughters of peers, baronets, and knights, et al.

  • Wives of the eldest sons of sons of peers or peeresses
  • Daughters of sons of peers or peeresses
  • Wives of the eldest sons of baronets
  • Daughters of baronets
  • Wives of eldest sons of knights:
    • Knights of the Garter
    • Knights of the Thistle
    • Knights of St Patrick
    • Knights Grand Cross or Grand Commander
    • Knights Commander
  • Daughters of knights:
    • Daughters of Knights of the Garter
    • Daughters of Knights of the Thistle
    • Daughters of Knights Grand Cross or Grand Commander
    • Daughters of Knights Commander
  • Members of the Royal Victorian Order
  • Members of the Order of the British Empire
  • Wives of members of the Royal Victorian Order
  • Wives of members of the Order of the British Empire

Wives of younger sons

  • Wives of younger sons of baronets
  • Wives of younger sons of knights:
    • Knights of the Garter
    • Knights of the Thistle
    • Knights of St Patrick
    • Knights Grand Cross or Knights Grand Commander
    • Knights Commander

Notes

  1. ^ The Viscount Cunningham of Hyndhope was the recent Lord High Steward in the 1953 Coronation.
  2. ^ The title of Prime Minister was used unofficially in the 18th and 19th centuries for the First Lord of the Treasury; it first received official recognition with a Royal Warrant of 2 December 1905, which assigned the Prime Minister precedence immediately after that of the Archbishop of York.[8][9]
  3. ^ The Duke of Shrewsbury was the last person to hold the office of Lord High Treasurer until his resignation in 1714. Lords Commissioners of the Treasury do not exercise the office of Lord High Treasurer.
  4. ^ The speakership of the House of Lords was historically vested in the Lord Chancellor; following the creation of a separate office of Lord Speaker, its rank and precedence was established by Royal Warrant dated 4 July 2006 as being immediately after that of the Speaker of the House of Commons.[11][12]
  5. ^ When visiting the United Kingdom, cabinet ministers of foreign countries are given precedence immediately above that of their country's High Commissioner (if in the Commonwealth) or Ambassador (if not).
  6. ^ The Viscount Alanbrooke was the recent Lord High Constable in the 1953 Coronation.
  7. ^ It is unclear whether the office is vacant or vested in the Crown, since the death of Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh.
  8. ^ If the Master of the Horse holds a rank lower than a duke in the peerage, then by Royal Warrant dated 6 May 1907, he ranks next after the Lord Chamberlain.[16]
  9. ^ Excepting The Duke of Norfolk who ranks higher as the Earl Marshal.
  10. ^ The Dukedom of Abercorn was created after the Acts of Union 1800. It takes precedence after earlier Dukedoms of the United Kingdom.
  11. ^ Excepting The Earl of Dalhousie who ranks higher as the Lord Steward of the Household.
  12. ^ Excepting The Baron Selkirk of Douglas who disclaimed the Earldom of Selkirk in 1994.
  13. ^ Excepting The Earl of Wessex and The Earl of Snowdon, who rank higher as members of the royal family.
  14. ^ Excepting The Viscount Severn (son of the Earl of Wessex), who ranks higher as member of the royal family.
  15. ^ a b The number of bishops entitled to sit in the House of Lords has been fixed at 21 since the 16th century; they were all male until 2015, when women who are bishops began to be introduced to the House of Lords under the terms of the Lords Spiritual (Women) Act 2015.
  16. ^ Excepting The Lord Carrington, who ranks higher as Lord Great Chamberlain.
  17. ^ a b Barons and baronesses for life created under the Appellate Jurisdiction Act 1876 and the Life Peerages Act 1958.
  18. ^ Excepting The Lord McFall of Alcluith, who ranks higher as Lord Speaker of the House of Lords.
  19. ^ Excepting The Lord Reed of Allermuir, who ranks higher as the President of the Supreme Court.
  20. ^ Excepting The Lord Burnett of Maldon who ranks higher as the Lord Chief Justice of England and Wales.
  21. ^ Excepting The Lord True who ranks higher as the Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal.
  22. ^ Excepting The Lord de Mauley who ranks higher as the Master of the Horse.
  23. ^ Excepting The Lord Parker of Minsmere, who ranks higher as Lord Chamberlain of the Household.
  24. ^ Justices of the Supreme Court who are not peers have the right to the courtesy title of "Lord" or "Lady" for life by authority of Royal Warrant issued 10 December 2010.[22][23]
  25. ^ The last Knight, Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester, died in 1974.
  26. ^ a b Privy Counsellors who do not already rank higher are mostly current or former politicians, civil servants, royal household staff, clergy and judiciary.
  27. ^ This office was historically held jointly with that of Lord Chief Justice; following their separation, a Royal Warrant dated 30 September 2005 declared that "the rank and precedence of the President of the Queen's Bench Division shall be so placed as to be in order immediately before the President of the Family Division".[28]
  28. ^ Rank and precedence set by Royal Warrant, dated 21 July 1958.[32]
  29. ^ Baronetcies belong to any of five baronetages, namely the Baronetages of England (1611–1705), Nova Scotia (1625–1706), Ireland (1620–1799), Great Britain (1707–1800) and the United Kingdom (1801–present); this does not affect their precedence in relation to each other.
  30. ^ a b The last Knight Grand Commander, Chithira Thirunal Balarama Varma, Maharaja of Travancore, died in 1991.
  31. ^ The last Knight Commander, Tej Singh Prabhakar, Maharaja of Alwar, died in 2009.
  32. ^ The last Knight Commander, Meghrajji III, Maharaja of Dhrangadhra-Halvad, died in 2010.
  33. ^ In formal documents the word Knight or the abbreviation Kt. may be added. This style is often adopted by Knights Bachelor who are also peers, baronets or knights of the various statutory orders.[33]
  34. ^ The last Companion, Ronald Brockman, died in 1999.
  35. ^ The last Companion, Ian Dixon Scott, died in 2002.
  36. ^ Also titled Dame Norma Major, a Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire in her own right but with lower precedence.
  37. ^ The most recent, Anne Maxwell Macdonald, died in 2011.

References

  1. ^ a b c d House of Lords Precedence Act 1539–House of Lords Precedence Act (31 Henry VIII C. 10), Section 4
  2. ^ Ordered according to the rules of primogeniture
  3. ^ Legally HRH Prince Archie of Sussex according to the 1917 Letters Patent as a male-line grandchild of a monarch, but not styled as such.
  4. ^ a b c d e "Order of Precedence in England and Wales". Heraldica. 2001. Retrieved 6 June 2013.
  5. ^ Legally HRH Prince James of Wessex according to the 1917 Letters Patent as a male-line grandchild of a monarch, but styled as an earl's son per his parents' wishes on their wedding day and the will of the Queen.
  6. ^ a b c Squibb, G.D. (1981). "The Lord Chamberlain's Order of 1520, as amended in 1595". Order of Precedence in England and Wales. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press. pp. 99–101.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k House of Lords Precedence Act 1539–House of Lords Precedence Act (31 Henry VIII C. 10), Section 10
  8. ^ Brazier, Rodney (1997). Ministers of the Crown. Oxford: Clarendon Press. pp. 5–6. ISBN 0-19-825988-3.
  9. ^ "No. 27860". The London Gazette. 5 December 1905. p. 8735.
  10. ^ "No. 31380". The London Gazette. 3 June 1919. p. 7059.
  11. ^ "The College of Arms Newsletter, No. 11". College of Arms. December 2006. Retrieved 11 October 2012.
  12. ^ "No. 58050". The London Gazette. 21 July 2006. p. 9986.
  13. ^ a b c "No. 59201". The London Gazette. 1 October 2009.
  14. ^ a b "No. 58529". The London Gazette. 30 November 2007. p. 17439.
  15. ^ "No. 38487". The London Gazette. 24 December 1948. p. 6670.
  16. ^ "No. 28019". The London Gazette. 7 May 1907. pp. 3080–3081.
  17. ^ The Marquess of Londonderry (Earl Vane and Viscount Seaham in the Peerage of the United Kingdom, Baron Stewart in the Peerage of the United Kingdom and The Marquess Conyngham (Baron Minster in the Peerage of the United Kingdom) was created after the Acts of Union 1800. They take precedence after earlier Marquessates of the United Kingdom.
  18. ^ The Earl of Limerick (The Baron Foxford in the Peerage of the United Kingdom), The Earl of Clancarty (The Viscount Clancarty in the Peerage of the United Kingdom, The Baron Trench in the Peerage of the United Kingdom), The Earl of Rosse, The Earl of Gosford (The Baron Worlington in the Peerage of the United Kingdom, The Baron Acheson in the Peerage of the United Kingdom), The Earl of Normanton (The Baron Mendip in the Peerage of Great Britain, The Baron Somerton in the Peerage of the United Kingdom), The Earl of Kilmorey, The Earl of Listowel (The Baron Hare in the Peerage of the United Kingdom), The Earl of Norbury and The Earl of Ranfurly (The Baron Ranfurly in the Peerage of the United Kingdom) was created after the Acts of Union 1800. It takes precedence after earlier Earldoms of the United Kingdom.
  19. ^ The Viscount Monck (The Baron Monck in the Peerage of the United Kingdom) and The Viscount Gort was created after the Acts of Union 1800. It takes precedence after earlier Viscountcies of the United Kingdom.
  20. ^ a b Excepting The Archbishops of Canterbury and York who rank higher as the Primate of All England and the Primate of England respectively.
  21. ^ The Baron Rendlesham, The Baron Castlemaine, The Baron Decies, The Baron Garvagh, The Baron Talbot of Malahide, The Baron Carew (The Baron Carew in the Peerage of the United Kingdom), The Baron Oranmore and Browne (The Baron Mereworth in the Peerage of the United Kingdom), The Baron Bellew, The Baron Fermoy and The Baron Rathdonnell was created after the Acts of Union 1800. They take precedence after earlier Barons of the United Kingdom.
  22. ^ "Press Notice – Courtesy titles for Justices of the Supreme Court" (PDF). Supreme Court of the United Kingdom. 13 December 2010. Retrieved 11 October 2012.
  23. ^ "No. 59746". The London Gazette. 1 April 2011. pp. 6177–6178.
  24. ^ He ranks higher as Lord High Chancellor.
  25. ^ a b c d e Who are not already ranked higher in precedence as peers or royalty.
  26. ^ He ranks higher as a non-royal duke.
  27. ^ a b c d e f Ranks higher as a Privy Counsellor.
  28. ^ "No. 57794". The London Gazette. 24 October 2005. p. 13701.
  29. ^ "President of the King's Bench Division". www.judiciary.uk. Retrieved 11 November 2019.
  30. ^ Lords Justices of Appeal are customarily made Privy Counsellors, and thus rank accordingly.
  31. ^ Judges of the High Court are customarily made Knights Bachelor and thus rank accordingly, when they retire.
  32. ^ "No. 41454". The London Gazette (Supplement). 22 July 1958. pp. 4641–4642.
  33. ^ "General information". Imperial Society of Knights Bachelor. Retrieved 11 October 2012.
  34. ^ He ranks higher as a High Court judge;, it is customary for a High Court judge to be named to this position
  35. ^ In order of appointment
  36. ^ "Resident Judge Appointment: HHJ Andrew Menary KC". www.judiciary.uk. Retrieved 11 November 2019.
  37. ^ "Senior Circuit Judge Appointment – Stockdale". www.judiciary.uk. Retrieved 11 November 2019.
  38. ^ "Common Serjeant Appointment: Marks". www.judiciary.uk. Retrieved 11 November 2019.
  39. ^ Legally HRH Princess Lilibet of Sussex according to the 1917 Letters Patent as a male-line grandchild of a monarch, but not styled as such.
  40. ^ Legally HRH Princess Louise of Wessex according to the 1917 Letters Patent as a male-line grandchild of a monarch, but styled as an earl's daughter per her parents' wishes on their wedding day and the will of the Queen.
  41. ^ Excepting Lady Louise Mountbatten-Windsor (daughter of the Earl of Wessex), who ranks higher as member of the royal family.
  42. ^ Widow of Sir Edmund Hillary who is a New Zealand Citizen may use this when visiting the United Kingdom.
  43. ^ Widow of Sir Garth Morrison
  44. ^ Judges of the High Court are customarily made Dame and thus rank accordingly, when they retire.
  45. ^ Dame Norma Major DBE also has a higher precedence as the wife of Sir John Major KG