Si Thep Historical Park
Si Thep Historical Park (Thai 22: อุทยานประวัติศาสตร์ศรีเทพ) is an archaeological site in Thailand's Phetchabun province. It covers the ancient city of Si Thep, a site inhabited from around the third to fifth century CE until the thirteenth and spanning cultural periods from late prehistory to Dvaravati and the Angkorian Khmer Empire. Si Thep was one of the largest known city-states that emerged around the plains of central Thailand in the first millennium, but became abandoned around the time the Thai-speaking cities of Sukhothai and later Ayutthaya emerged as new centres of power in the Chao Phraya River basin.
The site gained the attention of modern archaeology in 1904 following surveys by Prince Damrong Rajanubhab, and it was listed as an ancient monument in 1935. The Fine Arts Department has undertaken continued study and excavations of the site, which has also been studied by archaeologists Prince Subhadradis Diskul, H. G. Quaritch Wales and Jean Boisselier, among others. It was listed as a historical park in 1984 and was proposed as a tentative UNESCO World Heritage Site by Thailand in 2019.
Charles Higham reports of a 7th-century Dvaravati inscription from Sri Thep that states, "In the year...a king who is nephew of the great King, who is the son of Pruthiveenadravarman, and who is great as Bhavavarman, who has renowned moral principles, who is powerful and the terror of his enemies, erects this inscription on ascending the throne." A moat enclosed 4.7 square km, while the Khao Klang Nai structure dates from the 6th to 7th century. Prang Song Phi Nong and Prang Sri Thep were built in the 11th to 12th centuries.: 303, 308–309
- ^ "อุทยานประวัติศาสตร์ศรีเทพ: ประวัติที่มาและความสำคัญ". virtualhistoricalpark.finearts.go.th (in Thai). Fine Arts Department. Retrieved 18 August 2022.
- ^ Karnjanatawe, Karnjana (28 January 2021). "Unesco to get Si Thep report". Bangkok Post. Retrieved 18 August 2022.
- ^ Higham, C., 2014, Early Mainland Southeast Asia, Bangkok: River Books Co., Ltd., ISBN 9786167339443
- Si Thep Historical Park at the Fine Arts Department's Virtual Historical Park website
- The Ancient Town of Si Thep – official Tentative List submission
Coordinates: 15°27′58″N 101°09′02″E / 15.46611°N 101.15056°E / 15.46611; 101.15056