SpVgg Greuther Fürth

German association football club

Football club
SpVgg Greuther Fürth
SpVgg Greuther Fürth logo (2017).svg
Full nameSpielvereinigung Greuther Fürth e. V.
Nickname(s)Kleeblätter (Cloverleaves)
Founded23 September 1903; 119 years ago (1903-09-23) as SpVgg Fürth
GroundSportpark Ronhof 22
Capacity16,626[1]
PresidentFred Höfler
Head coachMarc Schneider
League2. Bundesliga
2021–22Bundesliga, 18th of 18 (relegated)
WebsiteClub website
Home colours
Current season

Spielvereinigung Greuther Fürth (German pronunciation: [ˈʃpiːlfɛɐ̯ˌʔaɪnɪɡʊŋ gʁɔʏtɐ ˈfʏʁt]), commonly known as Greuther Fürth (German pronunciation: [ˌɡʁɔɪ̯tɐ ˈfʏʁt] (listen)), is a German football club based in Fürth, Bavaria. They play in the 2. Bundesliga, the second tier of the German football league system, following relegation from the Bundesliga in the 2021–22 season.

Founded in 1903, the most successful era for Greuther Fürth came in the pre-Bundesliga era in the 1910s and 1920s, when the club won three German championships in 1914, 1926, and 1929 respectively and finished as runners-up in 1920. In the 2012–13 season, the club played in the Bundesliga for the first time, having won promotion from the 2. Bundesliga;[2] it was relegated back to the 2. Bundesliga at the end of the season. On 23 May 2021 they were promoted back to the Bundesliga for the second time.[3] Upon placing 18th in the Bundesliga table in the 2021–22 season, they were relegated back to 2. Bundesliga.

History

Spielvereinigung Fürth

The origins of SpVgg Fürth are in the establishment on 23 September 1903 of a football department within the gymnastics club Turnverein 1860 Fürth. The footballers went their own way as an independent club in November 1906, after they did not get enough support from TV Fürth. The team played in the Ostkreisliga and took divisional titles there in 1912, 1913 and 1914 before moving on to participate in the Süddeutsche (South German) regional playoffs for the national championship round.[4] Right from the beginning, there was a great rivalry between the SpVgg Fürth and the 1. FC Nürnberg, predicated on the historical rivalry between the two neighbouring cities. The club grew rapidly, and by 1914, it had 3,000 members and was the largest sports club in Germany. When the club built their own stadium, Sportpark Ronhof, in 1910, it was the biggest stadium in Germany at the time.

National champions

Fürth won their first national title in winning the 1914 German football championship under English coach William Townley with left winger Julius Hirsch, who had joined the team the prior season.[5][6] They faced VfB Leipzig – the defending champions with three titles to their credit – in the final held on 31 May in Magdeburg. A 154-minute-long thriller, the longest completed game in German football history (the 1922 Final was abandoned after 189 minutes due to darkness), ended with Fürth scoring a golden goal to secure the title.[7]

The team had a solid run of successes through the 1920s and into the early 1930s, beginning with an appearance in the national final in 1920 against 1. FC Nürnberg, which was the dominant side of the decade. The rivalry between the two clubs was such that a star player with SpVgg was forced to leave after he married a woman from the city of Nuremberg. In 1924, for the first and only time, the German national side was made up exclusively of players from just two sides – Fürth and 1. FC Nürnberg – and players of the two teams slept in separate rail coaches.

SpVgg showed regularly on the national stage, advancing to the semi-finals in 1923 and 1931. They claimed two more championships – in 1926 and 1929 – with both of those victories coming at the expense of Hertha BSC. Through this period, the club played five finals in the Süddeutscher Pokal (en:South German Cup), coming away as cup winners on four occasions. On 27 August 1929, the association was joined by FC Schneidig Fürth.

German football was re-organized in 1933 under the Third Reich into 16 top flight Gauligen. Fürth became part of the Gauliga Bayern, but their success over the next dozen seasons was limited to a division title there in 1935, alongside regular appearances in competition for the Tschammerpokal, predecessor to today's DFB-Pokal (German Cup).

Postwar play

Historical chart of Greuther Fürth and predecessors' performance

After the war the team struggled through three seasons in the Oberliga Süd (I) before slipping to the Landesliga Bayern (II). SpVgg quickly recovered itself and returned to Oberliga play the next season. They won the title there in 1950 and went on to the national playoffs, advancing as far as the semi-finals before being eliminated 1–4 by VfB Stuttgart. In 1954, two players from the SpVgg, Karl Mai and Herbert Erhardt, were members of the "Miracle of Bern" team that won Germany's first World Cup.

Fürth remained a first division side until the formation of the Bundesliga in 1963. The club did not qualify as one of the sixteen teams that made up the new unified national first division and they found themselves playing second division football in the Regionalliga Süd, where they were generally a mid-table side whose best finish was third-place result in 1967. The club played in the 2. Bundesliga from its inception in 1974 until 1983 with their best performance a fourth-place result in 1978–79. They slipped to playing in the tier III Bayernliga, with a short three-year spell in the fourth division Landesliga Bayern-Mitte in the late 1980s. At this time, the club started to have large financial problems. In 1990, Fürth celebrated a 3–1 victory in the opening round of the DFB-Pokal play over first division side Borussia Dortmund before going out 0–1 to 1. FC Saarbrücken in the second round. They returned to the Bayernliga (III) in 1991 and the Regionalliga Süd (III) in 1994. But still, the club's financial issues became bigger, and they were forced to sell their ground to the local businessman Conny Brandstätter. As the financial problems continued to grow, the president of SpVgg, Edgar Burkhart, arranged a deal with Helmut Hack, president of TSV Vestenbergsgreuth, to let TSV join the SpVgg and changing the name of the Spielvereinigung to the name SpVgg Greuther Fürth, which is still in use. The SpVgg so had the chance to get back in both financial and on-pitch success, while TSV could grow bigger in the city of Fürth than it would have been possible in the village of Vestenbergsgreuth.

TSV Vestenbergsgreuth

Meanwhile, the small village team of TSV Vestenbergsgreuth was established 1 February 1974 and debuted as a fourth division side.[4] They advanced into the Amateur Oberliga Bayern (III) in 1987, just as SpVgg Fürth was descending to play in the division the more junior club had just escaped. TSV took part in the national amateur playoff round in 1988 and 1995. Their best performance came in the 1995 DFB-Pokal when they upset Bayern Munich 1–0, and then beat FC 08 Homburg 5–1, before being eliminated in the third round of the competition by VfL Wolfsburg on penalty kicks.

SpVgg Greuther Fürth

At the time when Vestenbergsgreuth's football branch was incorporated in 1996, in which TSV's football players came over to Fürth, both clubs were playing at about the same level in Regionalliga Süd (III). The SpVgg was runner-up behind long-term rival 1. FC Nürnberg in the division the next year, and so earned promotion back to the 2. Bundesliga after 18 years, and played in the second tier at the first time since 1979. At this time, the Sportpark Ronhof, now called Playmobil Arena, faced the first major redevelopment since the post-war years and the construction of the old main stand in 1950. They built new stands on three of the four sides of the pitch, a roofed seating stand on the opposite side of the main stand, an uncovered terrace in the north end, and an uncovered mixed standing and seating area in the south of the stadium, as well as installing floodlights in the Ronhof the first time ever. With the modernized stadium and a clever transfer strategy, they have consistently finished in the top half of the 18-team table in the 2000s, despite having one of the lowest budgets most of the time. On 1 July 2003, the club added former workers' club Tuspo Fürth to its tradition through a merger. In 2008, the stadium faced another redevelopment, as the standing terrace in the north got a roof, and a VIP building was installed near to the old main stand. With this work, the main stand became the last piece of the stadium that has not been redeveloped. In that time, Fürth has come close to renewing its ancient rivalry with Nürnberg at the Bundesliga level, narrowly missing promotion in each of the first two seasons of the 2010s. On 23 April 2012, Fürth finally gained promotion to the Bundesliga in the 2011–12 season, they eventually went on to win the 2. Bundesliga under manager Mike Büskens. With promotion, the 1998 built south stand was demolished, and a new one was installed, gaining a capacity increase from 14,500 to 18,000, as well as providing a roof on the south for the first time.

However, Fürth had a difficult first season in the Bundesliga as the club amassed only four victories in the 34-game campaign, one of them at the ground of their rivals 1. FC Nürnberg, when the de facto relegated side won 1–0, giving the fans of the Kleeblatt a peaceful feeling about the relegation. The club also set an infamous record by becoming the first club in Bundesliga history to not win a single home game during the regular season.[8] The club finished last in the league with 21 points and was relegated back to the 2. Bundesliga.

The following season, despite not aiming for promotion, the club was a strong contender for a direct return to the Bundesliga. A third place in the final standings qualified the team for the promotion play-offs, where it faced Hamburger SV. After a 0–0 draw in Hamburg, the club missed out on promotion on the away goal rule when the return leg ended 1–1. In the following seasons, they struggled to be as strong as they were before the Bundesliga promotion. They nearly got relegated to the 3. Liga in the 2014–15 season, when only a narrow win against later promoted club SV Darmstadt 98 on matchday 33, and other teams not winning on matchday 34, kept them in the league. In the same season, on early matchday 2, they gained a historic 5–1 home victory in the Frankenderby, their highest-ever home win in a derby. In the following two years, the Spielvereinigung finished mid-table, with not having either fear of getting relegated or gaining promotion. This period of their newer history is characterized by the relegation of FCN in 2014, and both rivals playing each year since then. In the 2016–17 season, the Kleeblatt won both derbies of the regular season for the first time since the 1970s, and finished above Nuremberg for the first time since the 1950s. In early 2016, the 1950-built main stand was demolished, and the construction of a new main stand started. Before the 2017–18 season, the construction of the new main stand was finished. With a 3–1 victory over Fortuna Düsseldorf on 17 September 2017, the club managed to become leader of the all-time league table of the 2. Bundesliga.[9]

By finishing second in the 2020–21 season, Greuther Fürth gained promotion to the Bundesliga for the second time in the club's history. Under manager Stefan Leitl, the team secured promotion on the last matchday of the season with a 3–2 victory over Fortuna Düsseldorf.[10]

SpVgg Greuther Fürth II

Fürth also fields a strong reserve side which has played in the Oberliga Bayern (IV) since the 2001–02 season and finished second there in 2006–07. A second place in 2007–08 meant the team was qualified to play in the Regionalliga Süd in 2008–09.

Rivals

1. FC Nürnberg is by far the SpVgg's biggest rival, going back to the early days of German football when, at times, those two clubs dominated the national championship.[11] Matches between both teams also called as "Frankenderby". Both competed against each other again in the 2012–13 Bundesliga season and the 2014–15 2. Bundesliga season.

Honours

League

Cup

  • German Indoor Cup
    • Winner: 2000

Regional

Invitational

  • Tournoi de Pentecôte de Paris

Youth team

Recent coaches

List of club's coach since 1974:[13]

Name From Until
Germany Alfred Hoffmann 1 July 1974 30 June 1975
Germany Hans Cieslarczyk 1 July 1975 30 June 1977
Germany Hannes Baldauf 1 July 1977 30 June 1980
Germany Dieter Schulte 1 July 1980 28 February 1981
Germany Heinz Lucas 1 March 1981 30 June 1981
Germany Hans-Dieter Roos 1 July 1981 15 November 1981
Germany Lothar Kleim 23 November 1981 30 June 1982
Germany Franz Brungs 1 July 1982 30 June 1983
Germany Günter Gerling 1 July 1983 30 June 1986
Germany Lothar Kleim 1 July 1986 28 February 1987
Germany Paul Hesselbach 1 March 1987 30 June 1989
Germany Günter Gerling 1 July 1989 9 April 1995
Germany Bertram Beierlorzer 10 April 1995 30 June 1996
Germany Armin Veh 1 July 1996 30 June 1997
Germany Benno Möhlmann 15 October 1997 21 October 2000
Germany Paul Hesselbach 22 October 2000 19 November 2000
Germany Uwe Erkenbrecher 20 November 2000 30 August 2001
Name From Until
Germany Paul Hesselbach (interim) 1 September 2001 29 October 2001
Germany Eugen Hach 30 October 2001 5 November 2003
Germany Werner Dreßel (interim) 6 November 2003 29 December 2003
Germany Thomas Kost 30 December 2003 16 February 2004
Germany Benno Möhlmann 18 February 2004 30 June 2007
Germany Bruno Labbadia 1 July 2007 30 June 2008
Germany Benno Möhlmann 1 July 2008 20 December 2009
Germany Mike Büskens 27 December 2009 20 February 2013
Germany Ludwig Preis (interim) 21 February 2013 11 March 2013
Germany Frank Kramer 12 March 2013 23 February 2015
Germany Mike Büskens 23 February 2015 28 May 2015
Germany Stefan Ruthenbeck 12 June 2015 21 November 2016
Hungary Janos Radoki 21 November 2016 28 August 2017
Germany Mirko Dickhaut (interim) 28 August 2017 9 September 2017
Croatia Damir Burić 9 September 2017 4 February 2019
Germany Stefan Leitl 5 February 2019 Present

Recent seasons

The recent season-by-season performance of the club:[14][15]

SpVgg Greuther Fürth

Season Division Tier Position
1999–2000 2. Bundesliga II 7th
2000–01 2. Bundesliga 5th
2001–02 2. Bundesliga 5th
2002–03 2. Bundesliga 5th
2003–04 2. Bundesliga 9th
2004–05 2. Bundesliga 5th
2005–06 2. Bundesliga 5th
2006–07 2. Bundesliga 5th
2007–08 2. Bundesliga 6th
2008–09 2. Bundesliga 5th
2009–10 2. Bundesliga 11th
2010–11 2. Bundesliga 4th
2011–12 2. Bundesliga 1st ↑
2012–13 Bundesliga I 18th ↓
2013–14 2. Bundesliga II 3rd
2014–15 2. Bundesliga 14th
2015–16 2. Bundesliga 9th
2016–17 2. Bundesliga 8th
2017–18 2. Bundesliga 15th
2018–19 2. Bundesliga 13th
2019–20 2. Bundesliga 9th
2020–21 2. Bundesliga 2nd ↑
2021–22 Bundesliga I 18th ↓
2022–23 2. Bundesliga II

SpVgg Greuther Fürth II

Season Division Tier Position
1999–2000 Bezirksoberliga Mittelfranken VI 1st ↑
2000–01 Landesliga Bayern-Mitte V 1st ↑
2001–02 Bayernliga IV 5th
2002–03 Bayernliga 9th
2003–04 Bayernliga 4th
2004–05 Bayernliga 12th
2005–06 Bayernliga 4th
2006–07 Bayernliga 2nd
2007–08 Bayernliga 2nd ↑
2008–09 Regionalliga Süd IV 11th
2009–10 Regionalliga Süd 11th
2010–11 Regionalliga Süd 4th
2011–12 Regionalliga Süd 6th
2012–13 Regionalliga Bayern 12th
2013–14 Regionalliga Bayern 9th
2014–15 Regionalliga Bayern 14th
2015–16 Regionalliga Bayern 9th
2016–17 Regionalliga Bayern 16th
2017–18 Regionalliga Bayern 13th
2018–19 Regionalliga Bayern 14th
2019–20 Regionalliga Bayern tbd

  • With the introduction of the Bezirksoberligas in 1988 as the new fifth tier, below the Landesligas, all leagues below dropped one tier. With the introduction of the Regionalligas in 1994 and the 3. Liga in 2008 as the new third tier, below the 2. Bundesliga, all leagues below dropped one tier. With the establishment of the Regionalliga Bayern as the new fourth tier in Bavaria in 2012 the Bayernliga was split into a northern and a southern division, the number of Landesligas expanded from three to five and the Bezirksoberligas abolished. All leagues from the Bezirksligas onwards were elevated one tier.
Key
Promoted Relegated

Players

Current squad

As of 29 August 2022[16]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
1 GK Sweden SWE Andreas Linde
2 DF Germany GER Simon Asta
3 DF Germany GER Oualid Mhamdi
4 DF Poland POL Damian Michalski
5 DF Tunisia TUN Oussama Haddadi
6 MF Germany GER Sidney Raebiger
7 FW Germany GER Robin Kehr
8 MF Germany GER Nils Seufert
9 FW Angola ANG Afimico Pululu
10 FW Sweden SWE Branimir Hrgota (captain)
11 FW Nigeria NGA Dickson Abiama
13 MF Germany GER Max Christiansen
17 FW Japan JPN Lucien Littbarski
18 DF Germany GER Marco Meyerhöfer
No. Pos. Nation Player
19 DF Germany GER Oliver Fobassam
20 MF Germany GER Tobias Raschl
21 MF Germany GER Timothy Tillman
22 MF Germany GER Sebastian Griesbeck
23 DF Germany GER Gideon Jung
24 MF Germany GER Marco John (on loan from Hoffenheim)
25 GK Germany GER Leon Schaffran
27 DF Germany GER Gian-Luca Itter
28 MF Tunisia TUN Jeremy Dudziak
30 FW Germany GER Armindo Sieb
31 MF Germany GER Devin Angleberger
37 MF United States USA Julian Green
39 FW Germany GER Ragnar Ache (on loan from Eintracht Frankfurt)
41 GK Finland FIN Lasse Schulz

Notable former players

Famous coaches

William Townley, had three turns as coach of SpVgg Fürth in 1911–1913, 1926–1927, and 1930–1932 and led the club to two championships.

Notable fans

In September 2012, former United States Secretary of State Henry Kissinger, whose family fled Nazi Germany in 1938, attended a SpVgg match against Schalke 04. He had promised to attend a game at the Ronhof stadium if the team were promoted to the top-flight Bundesliga. As a child, Kissinger had tried to watch games there, despite it being against his parents' wishes.[17] Kissinger is an honorary member of SpVgg, and for decades he kept himself informed about match results and held contact to the club. During his time serving in the White House in the 1970s, he reportedly asked his staff to have the team's weekend result ready for him on Monday mornings. He visited his hometown and the club several times and attended a Bundesliga match in 2012 during the team's first season in the Bundesliga.

References

  1. ^ "Sportpark Ronhof | Thomas Sommer". sgf1903.de (in German). Retrieved 16 March 2020.
  2. ^ "Greuter Fürth set to begin first-division debut". Deutsche Welle. 20 August 2012. Retrieved 22 August 2012.
  3. ^ "Bochum und Fürth steigen auf – Kiel gegen Köln – BTSV abgestiegen". kicker (in German). Retrieved 23 May 2021.
  4. ^ a b Grüne, Hardy (2001). Vereinslexikon (in German). Kassel: AGON Sportverlag. ISBN 3-89784-147-9.
  5. ^ Soccer Under the Swastika; Stories of Survival and Resistance During the Holocaust
  6. ^ "Remembering the cream of Jewish footballing talent killed in the Holocaust". The Guardian. 6 May 2019.
  7. ^ "100 Jahre Meister: Das längste Spiel" (in German). weltfussball.de. 30 May 2014. Retrieved 4 June 2014.
  8. ^ "Runs, records and retirement". FIFA. 15 May 2013. Archived from the original on 18 December 2014. Retrieved 11 May 2014.
  9. ^ "Ewige Tabelle". weltfussball.de. 20 September 2017. Retrieved 20 September 2017.
  10. ^ "Greuther Fürth: Welcome back to the Bundesliga!". bundesliga.com. 23 May 2021. Retrieved 25 December 2021.
  11. ^ "Die Geschichte des Frankenderbys" (in German). Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 1 October 2010.
  12. ^ García, Javier (2009). "International Tournaments (Paris) 1904–1935: Tournoi de Pentecôte de Paris". rsssf.com. RSSSF. Archived from the original on 20 February 2020. Retrieved 1 July 2022.
  13. ^ "SpVgg Greuther Fürth " Trainer von A-Z" (in German). Weltfussball.de. Retrieved 11 November 2008.
  14. ^ "Historical German domestic league tables" (in German). Das deutsche Fußball-Archiv.
  15. ^ "Ergebnisse" (in German). Fussball.de. Tables and results of all German football leagues
  16. ^ "2020 | 2021" (in German). SpVgg Greuther Fürth. Retrieved 20 August 2020.
  17. ^ "Bayern Munich wins convincingly". ESPN FC. 15 September 2012. Retrieved 23 August 2013.

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